Perceived Social Support Trajectories and the All-Cause Mortality Risk of Older Mexican American Women and Men

Terrence Hill, Bert N. Uchino, Jessica L. Eckhardt, Jacqueline L. Angel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although numerous studies of non-Hispanic Whites and Blacks show that social integration and social support tend to favor longevity, it is unclear whether this general pattern extends to the Mexican American population. Building on previous research, we employed seven waves of data from the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly to examine the association between perceived social support trajectories and the all-cause mortality risk of older Mexican Americans. Growth mixture estimates revealed three latent classes of support trajectories: high, moderate, and low. Cox regression estimates indicated that older Mexican American men in the low support trajectory tend to exhibit a higher mortality risk than their counterparts in the high support trajectory. Social support trajectories were unrelated to the mortality risk of older Mexican American women. A statistically significant interaction term confirmed that social support was more strongly associated with the mortality risk of men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)374-398
Number of pages25
JournalResearch on Aging
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

Keywords

  • elderly
  • gender
  • H-EPESE
  • Mexican American
  • mortality risk
  • social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)

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