Background: Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) is a routine surgical procedure for critically ill patients who require prolonged ventilatory support. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all PDTs performed at the adult Trauma Intensive Care Unit (TICU) of Hamad Medical Corporation in Doha, Qatar, from January 2009 through September 2012. For all adult patients, we analyzed the demographic characteristics, mean ventilator time before the procedure, injury severity score (ISS), complications, and outcomes. Results: Of the 1,442 trauma patients admitted to the adult TICU during our study period, 124 (8.5 %) underwent PDT using the Ciaglia Blue Rhino technique. The vast majority were male (94.3 %). The mean age was 35 ± 15.6 years; mean ventilator time before the procedure, 12 ± 3 days; and mean ISS, 24.2 ± 9.3. More than half of patients had head injury (56 %), followed by chest and abdomen (26 %) and cervical spine injuries (18 %). Early complications included difficult tube placement (0.8 %), hypoxemia (0.8 %), minor bleeding (1.6 %), and hypotension (0.8 %), but the vast majority (93 %) of patients had no complications. The procedure-related mortality rate was 0 %. Conclusion: PDT is safe and can be performed with minimal complications even in a newly established trauma center.
- Intensive care unit
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine