PURPOSE: To review an experience with the Amplatzer vascular plug (AVP) for prevention of type II endoleaks during endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of thoracic and thoracoabdominal aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review was undertaken of 14 patients undergoing transcatheter occlusion of the left subclavian (n = 12) or celiac artery (n = 2) with the AVP as part of EVAR of thoracic and thoracoabdominal aneurysms at a single institution. Procedural criteria evaluated were success at target vessel occlusion, the number of AVPs used, use of adjunctive embolization devices, and embolization-related ischemic end-organ events. Follow-up imaging criteria included evaluation of persistent target vessel occlusion, evidence of device migration, and the presence and characterization of endoleak secondary to AVP failure. RESULTS: Complete target vessel occlusion was documented for all cases. In six cases, more than one AVP was placed, with an average of 1.5 devices per patient. In two cases, adjunctive coils were placed. Computed tomographic or magnetic resonance angiography follow-up was available for all patients (mean follow-up, 419 days; range 28-930 d). No case showed evidence of device migration or type II endoleak resulting from AVP failure. There was a single instance of left subclavian artery recanalization without type II endoleak. There were no embolization-related ischemic end-organ events. CONCLUSIONS: Transcatheter arterial occlusion of the subclavian and celiac arteries with the AVP is a valuable adjunct to endografting in cases in which side branch embolization is necessary to extend the landing zone.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine