Performance of a grey water pilot plant using a multi-layer filter for agricultural purposes in the Jordan Valley

Ayoup M. Ghrair, Othman A. Al-Mashaqbeh, Sharon B Megdal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A pilot grey water treatment system and collection network were designed, installed, and operated in Jordan Valley using natural filtration materials. Grey water from showers and washing sinks was collected from four houses. In order to evaluate the performance of multi-layer filter (MLF) ability to remove the pollutants from the collected grey water, the quality of treated and untreated grey water was examined and the suitability of treated grey water for irrigation was assessed. The results revealed that the efficiency removal of organic material before UV disinfection stage for BOD5, COD, and TSS was about 88.6, 83, and 92.2%, respectively. The efficiency removal rates for nutrients by MLF were a bit low as 32.5% of total phosphorous and 19.8% of total nitrogen were removed, whereas the removal efficiency of heavy metals Zn, Fe, and Ba were 94.8, 81.2, and 15.7%, respectively. The results showed that the pilot plant has efficiently reduced the coliform organisms, thermo-tolerance coli count, and Escherichia coli by more than 99.9% removal efficiency by the double-filter stage and 100% after disinfection stage. The current MLF system has the transferability potential to other locations of the developing world. A novel grey water pilot treatment plant using a multi-layer filter of natural materials and minerals was designed, installed, operated, and tested. The results reveal that the pilot plant has high removal efficiency toward organic pollutants and microbial contaminants and produced excellent water quality. Moreover, this new system can be applied to other locations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)351-359
Number of pages9
JournalClean - Soil, Air, Water
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

Fingerprint

Pilot plants
filter
valley
Water
Disinfection
disinfection
water
pollutant
Organic pollutants
Heavy Metals
Water treatment
Irrigation
Washing
organic pollutant
Escherichia coli
Nutrients
Heavy metals
Water quality
Minerals
water treatment

Keywords

  • Diatomite
  • Natural filtration material
  • Semi-arid climate
  • Water scarcity
  • Zeolite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Pollution

Cite this

Performance of a grey water pilot plant using a multi-layer filter for agricultural purposes in the Jordan Valley. / Ghrair, Ayoup M.; Al-Mashaqbeh, Othman A.; Megdal, Sharon B.

In: Clean - Soil, Air, Water, Vol. 43, No. 3, 01.03.2015, p. 351-359.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{f6a8eba2b2cb4558b45ea648e8ea5b31,
title = "Performance of a grey water pilot plant using a multi-layer filter for agricultural purposes in the Jordan Valley",
abstract = "A pilot grey water treatment system and collection network were designed, installed, and operated in Jordan Valley using natural filtration materials. Grey water from showers and washing sinks was collected from four houses. In order to evaluate the performance of multi-layer filter (MLF) ability to remove the pollutants from the collected grey water, the quality of treated and untreated grey water was examined and the suitability of treated grey water for irrigation was assessed. The results revealed that the efficiency removal of organic material before UV disinfection stage for BOD5, COD, and TSS was about 88.6, 83, and 92.2{\%}, respectively. The efficiency removal rates for nutrients by MLF were a bit low as 32.5{\%} of total phosphorous and 19.8{\%} of total nitrogen were removed, whereas the removal efficiency of heavy metals Zn, Fe, and Ba were 94.8, 81.2, and 15.7{\%}, respectively. The results showed that the pilot plant has efficiently reduced the coliform organisms, thermo-tolerance coli count, and Escherichia coli by more than 99.9{\%} removal efficiency by the double-filter stage and 100{\%} after disinfection stage. The current MLF system has the transferability potential to other locations of the developing world. A novel grey water pilot treatment plant using a multi-layer filter of natural materials and minerals was designed, installed, operated, and tested. The results reveal that the pilot plant has high removal efficiency toward organic pollutants and microbial contaminants and produced excellent water quality. Moreover, this new system can be applied to other locations.",
keywords = "Diatomite, Natural filtration material, Semi-arid climate, Water scarcity, Zeolite",
author = "Ghrair, {Ayoup M.} and Al-Mashaqbeh, {Othman A.} and Megdal, {Sharon B}",
year = "2015",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/clen.201300488",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "43",
pages = "351--359",
journal = "Clean - Soil, Air, Water",
issn = "1863-0650",
publisher = "Wiley-VCH Verlag",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Performance of a grey water pilot plant using a multi-layer filter for agricultural purposes in the Jordan Valley

AU - Ghrair, Ayoup M.

AU - Al-Mashaqbeh, Othman A.

AU - Megdal, Sharon B

PY - 2015/3/1

Y1 - 2015/3/1

N2 - A pilot grey water treatment system and collection network were designed, installed, and operated in Jordan Valley using natural filtration materials. Grey water from showers and washing sinks was collected from four houses. In order to evaluate the performance of multi-layer filter (MLF) ability to remove the pollutants from the collected grey water, the quality of treated and untreated grey water was examined and the suitability of treated grey water for irrigation was assessed. The results revealed that the efficiency removal of organic material before UV disinfection stage for BOD5, COD, and TSS was about 88.6, 83, and 92.2%, respectively. The efficiency removal rates for nutrients by MLF were a bit low as 32.5% of total phosphorous and 19.8% of total nitrogen were removed, whereas the removal efficiency of heavy metals Zn, Fe, and Ba were 94.8, 81.2, and 15.7%, respectively. The results showed that the pilot plant has efficiently reduced the coliform organisms, thermo-tolerance coli count, and Escherichia coli by more than 99.9% removal efficiency by the double-filter stage and 100% after disinfection stage. The current MLF system has the transferability potential to other locations of the developing world. A novel grey water pilot treatment plant using a multi-layer filter of natural materials and minerals was designed, installed, operated, and tested. The results reveal that the pilot plant has high removal efficiency toward organic pollutants and microbial contaminants and produced excellent water quality. Moreover, this new system can be applied to other locations.

AB - A pilot grey water treatment system and collection network were designed, installed, and operated in Jordan Valley using natural filtration materials. Grey water from showers and washing sinks was collected from four houses. In order to evaluate the performance of multi-layer filter (MLF) ability to remove the pollutants from the collected grey water, the quality of treated and untreated grey water was examined and the suitability of treated grey water for irrigation was assessed. The results revealed that the efficiency removal of organic material before UV disinfection stage for BOD5, COD, and TSS was about 88.6, 83, and 92.2%, respectively. The efficiency removal rates for nutrients by MLF were a bit low as 32.5% of total phosphorous and 19.8% of total nitrogen were removed, whereas the removal efficiency of heavy metals Zn, Fe, and Ba were 94.8, 81.2, and 15.7%, respectively. The results showed that the pilot plant has efficiently reduced the coliform organisms, thermo-tolerance coli count, and Escherichia coli by more than 99.9% removal efficiency by the double-filter stage and 100% after disinfection stage. The current MLF system has the transferability potential to other locations of the developing world. A novel grey water pilot treatment plant using a multi-layer filter of natural materials and minerals was designed, installed, operated, and tested. The results reveal that the pilot plant has high removal efficiency toward organic pollutants and microbial contaminants and produced excellent water quality. Moreover, this new system can be applied to other locations.

KW - Diatomite

KW - Natural filtration material

KW - Semi-arid climate

KW - Water scarcity

KW - Zeolite

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84924955855&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84924955855&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/clen.201300488

DO - 10.1002/clen.201300488

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84924955855

VL - 43

SP - 351

EP - 359

JO - Clean - Soil, Air, Water

JF - Clean - Soil, Air, Water

SN - 1863-0650

IS - 3

ER -