Performance of large-format deformable mirrors constructed with TNO variable reluctance actuators

Rachel Bowens-Rubin, Philip Hinz, Wouter Jonker, Stefan Kuiper, Cesar Laguna, Matthew Maniscalco

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


Advancements in making high-efficiency actuators are an enabling technology for building the next generation of large-format deformable mirrors. The Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research (TNO) has developed a new style of variable-reluctance actuator that requires approximately eighty times less power to operate as compared to the traditional style of voice-coil actuators. We present the performance results from laboratory testing of TNO's 57-actuator large-format deformable mirror from measuring the influence functions, linearity, hysteresis, natural shape flattening, actuator cross-coupling, creep, repeatability, and actuator lifetime. We measure a linearity of 99.4 ± 0.33% and hysteresis of 2.10 ± 0.23% over a stroke of 10 microns, indicating that this technology has strong potential for use in on-sky adaptive secondary mirrors (ASMs). We summarize plans for future lab prototypes and ASMs that will further demonstrate this technology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdaptive Optics Systems VII
EditorsLaura Schreiber, Dirk Schmidt, Elise Vernet
ISBN (Electronic)9781510636835
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes
EventAdaptive Optics Systems VII 2020 - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: Dec 14 2020Dec 22 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceAdaptive Optics Systems VII 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online


  • Adaptive Optics
  • Adaptive Secondary Mirrors
  • Large Format Deformable Mirrors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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