Periodic multilayers of perylene-3,4: 9,10-tetracarboxylic dianhydride and chloroindium phthalocyanine: Limitations to long-term stability

A. Schmidt, L. K. Chau, V. S. Valencia, Neal R Armstrong

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The linear optical properties of periodic ultrathin multilayers of perylene-3,4:9,10-tetracarboxylic dianhydride (PTCDA) and chloroindium phthalocyanine (ClInPc) change after exposure to ambient environments. This discoloration extends over a period of months. The B- and Q-bands of ClInPc decrease significantly in intensity, while the PTCDA absorbance spectra are unchanged. ClInPc and PTCDA multilayers alone are stable in air over the same period of time. UV-vis spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) are in agreement with a destruction of the Pc chromophore. This reaction may be initiated by reaction of the anhydride groups of PTCDA with ambient moisture, forming carboxylic acids, as seen by XPS. Control experiments show that PTCDA hydrolyzes in the presence of water and that ClInPc degrades if exposed to acids. These results impact the device implications for long-term use of PTCDA/phthalocyanine assemblies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)657-662
Number of pages6
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1995


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)

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