Periodic solutions of two species interaction models with lags

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Abstract

The classical Volterra-Lotka system of differential equations modeling the interaction of two species is considered under the assumption that the interaction and/or density inhibition terms may possess time lags (of a very general nature). Under the assumption that there exists a positive equilibrium, sufficient conditions are given which guarantee the existence of nonconstant, positive periodic solution. These conditions are algebraic in nature and are easily and straightforwardly applied. A few specific examples (namely, some predator-prey and competing species models) are discussed and are used to illustrate how lags are able to alter significantly the general dynamics of the classical equations. The mathematical approach is to construct periodic solutions which bifurcate from the equilibrium (using the net birth rates as free parameters) by making use of Liapunov-Schmidt type expansions, an approach which requires the proof of a Fredholm-type alternative for Stieltjes integrodifferential systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-156
Number of pages14
JournalMathematical Biosciences
Volume31
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1976

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Birth Rate
Periodic Solution
Differential equations
Lotka-Volterra model
Competing Species
Lotka-Volterra
Predator-prey
birth rate
Time Lag
Positive Periodic Solution
System of Differential Equations
Interaction
predator
predators
Sufficient Conditions
Alternatives
Term
Modeling
Model
modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Periodic solutions of two species interaction models with lags. / Cushing, Jim M.

In: Mathematical Biosciences, Vol. 31, No. 1-2, 1976, p. 143-156.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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