Eleven patients with mature or peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTL), other than mycosis fungoides, were identified using an extensive battery of T- and B-cell markers. Eight cases had a histologic diagnosis of either diffuse large cell or mixed lymphoma, three of small cell type. All cases had one or more 'mature' T-antigens and an absence of B- and immature T- antigens. Assessment of T-antigens included E-rosettes (Er), anti-Leu 1-7 and Tdt. The authors delineated striking heterogeneity of T-antigen expression: 9 different immunotypes in 11 cases. Subset T-antigen assessment indicated T-helper neoplastic cells in five cases and T-suppressor in two. The remaining four had universal T-antigens alone. Seven cases appeared to have 'novel' T-phenotypes not corresponding to normal T-ontogeny phenotypes. Novel or idiosyncratic phenotypes may be a key characteristic of PTL. Since no single T-antigen, including E(r) and E(r) receptor (Leu-5), was expressed in all cases, a battery of monoclonal antibodies is necessary to detect PTL. Clinically, the authors found PTL unexpectedly aggressive, despite mature immunotype. Most patients were elderly (median age 69); all had extranodal disease with cutaneous involvement (six cases) most frequent. Responses to chemotherapy frequently proved transient, with median survival of nine months. A fulminant course was noted even with localized presentation. Clinical outcome suggests PTL requires new therapeutic strategies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine