Tissue factor (TF) is a primary initiator of physiological coagulation in vivo. Peroxynitrite (OONO-), a molecule formed from nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide (O2 · -), decreases human TF activity in vitro. Coagulopathy has been associated with hepatoenteric ischemia-reperfusion known to involve formation of OONO-. Further, circulating TF activity decreases in rabbits after hepatoenteric ischemia-reperfusion. We hypothesized that exposure of rabbit TF to OONO - would result in a decrease in activity. OONO- generation was performed with 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1), a molecule that produces both nitric oxide and superoxide. Rabbit brain TF was incubated at 37°C for 90 min with 1) 0 mM SIN-1, 2) 5 mM SIN-1, 3) 5 mM SIN-1 and 2000 U/mL recombinant human superoxide dismutase (hSOD1), or 4) 2000 U/mL hSOD1 (n = 8 per condition). TF activity was assessed by addition of TF samples to human plasma and measuring clot formation kinetics with a thrombelastograph®. TF exposure to SIN-1 resulted in a 48% decrease in activity that was significantly different from the other three conditions (P < 0.001). There were no significant differences between the other conditions. We conclude that rabbit TF is inhibited by OONO-, and further investigation to determine the role of OONO- in coagulopathies associated with hepatoenteric ischemia-reperfusion is warranted.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Anesthesia and Analgesia|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine