The millimeter/submillimeter-wave spectrum of the CoCl radical (X 3Φ i) has been recorded using direct absorption techniques in the frequency range 340-510 GHz. This work is the first pure rotational study of this molecule. The radical was created by the reaction of Cl 2 with cobalt vapor. Rotational transitions arising from the Ω=4, 3, and 2 spin-orbit components of Co 35Cl have been measured, all of which exhibit hyperfine splittings due to the 59Co nucleus (I=7/2). Transitions arising from the Co 37Cl species were also recorded, as well as those originating in the v = 1, 2, 3, and 4 vibrational states of both isotopomers. The spin-orbit pattern exhibited by the molecule is unusual, with the Ω=3 component significantly shifted relative to the other spin components. In addition, the regular octet hyperfine splittings become distorted above a certain J value for the Ω=3 transitions only. These effects suggest that the molecule is highly perturbed in its ground state, most likely a result of second-order spin-orbit mixing with a nearby isoconfigurational 1Φ 3 state. The complete data set for Co 35Cl and Co 37Cl were fit successfully with a case (a) Hamiltonian but required a large negative spin-spin constant of λ=-7196 GHz and higher order centrifugal distortion corrections to the rotational, spin-orbit, spin-spin, and hyperfine terms. The value of the spin-spin constant suggests that the Ω=3 component is shifted to higher energy and lies near the Ω=2 sublevel. The hyperfine parameters are consistent with a δ 3π 3 electron configuration and indicate that CoCl is more covalent than CoF.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics