Pesticides in urban multi-unit dwellings: Hazard identification using classification and regression tree (CART) analysis and the control of risks associated with pesticide use

Rhona Julien, Robert Canales, Jonathan I. Levy, Russ Hauser, Gary Adamkiewicz, H. Patricia Hynes, Margaret Reid, John D. Spengler

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The goal of the study was to devise a low cost approach to identify homes in public housing with high levels of pesticide residues, including banned and restricted use pesticides (RUPs), to help determine optimal strategies to reduce household exposures. We collected environmental samples from 42 public housing apartments in Boston, Massachusetts in 2002 and 2003 and gathered pesticide use information, housing characteristics, and demographics. Focusing on 5 organophosphate and pyrethroid pesticides, we used classification and regression tree analysis (CART) to disaggregate the pesticide concentration data into homogenous sub samples according to home characteristics, which allowed us to identify households and associated networks impacted by the mismanagement of pesticides. The CART analysis demonstrated reasonable sensitivity and specificity for models with more extensive household information but generally poor performance using only information available without a home visit. Apartments with high concentrations of cyfluthrin, a pyrethroid, were more likely to be associated with Hispanic residents who resided in their current apartment for more than 5 years, which was consistent with documented pesticide usage patterns. We conclude that using CART as an exploratory technique to better understand the home characteristics associated with elevated pesticide levels, may be a viable approach for risk management in large multi-unit housing developments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication100th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association 2007, ACE 2007
PublisherAir and Waste Management Association
Pages878-890
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781604238464
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007
Externally publishedYes
Event100th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association 2007, ACE 2007 - Pittsburgh, United States
Duration: Jun 26 2007Jun 29 2007

Publication series

Name100th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association 2007, ACE 2007
Volume2

Other

Other100th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association 2007, ACE 2007
CountryUnited States
CityPittsburgh
Period6/26/076/29/07

Keywords

  • Classification and regression tree (CART)
  • Cyfluthrin
  • Hispanic
  • Household characteristics
  • Pesticides
  • Public housing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Pesticides in urban multi-unit dwellings: Hazard identification using classification and regression tree (CART) analysis and the control of risks associated with pesticide use'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Julien, R., Canales, R., Levy, J. I., Hauser, R., Adamkiewicz, G., Hynes, H. P., Reid, M., & Spengler, J. D. (2007). Pesticides in urban multi-unit dwellings: Hazard identification using classification and regression tree (CART) analysis and the control of risks associated with pesticide use. In 100th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association 2007, ACE 2007 (pp. 878-890). (100th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association 2007, ACE 2007; Vol. 2). Air and Waste Management Association.