Pesticides in urban multi-unit dwellings: Hazard identification using classification and regression tree (CART) analysis and the control of risks associated with pesticide use

Rhona Julien, Robert A Canales, Jonathan I. Levy, Russ Hauser, Gary Adamkiewicz, H. Patricia Hynes, Margaret Reid, John D. Spengler

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The goal of the study was to devise a low cost approach to identify homes in public housing with high levels of pesticide residues, including banned and restricted use pesticides (RUPs), to help determine optimal strategies to reduce household exposures. We collected environmental samples from 42 public housing apartments in Boston, Massachusetts in 2002 and 2003 and gathered pesticide use information, housing characteristics, and demographics. Focusing on 5 organophosphate and pyrethroid pesticides, we used classification and regression tree analysis (CART) to disaggregate the pesticide concentration data into homogenous sub samples according to home characteristics, which allowed us to identify households and associated networks impacted by the mismanagement of pesticides. The CART analysis demonstrated reasonable sensitivity and specificity for models with more extensive household information but generally poor performance using only information available without a home visit. Apartments with high concentrations of cyfluthrin, a pyrethroid, were more likely to be associated with Hispanic residents who resided in their current apartment for more than 5 years, which was consistent with documented pesticide usage patterns. We conclude that using CART as an exploratory technique to better understand the home characteristics associated with elevated pesticide levels, may be a viable approach for risk management in large multi-unit housing developments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication100th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association 2007, ACE 2007
PublisherAir and Waste Management Association
Pages878-890
Number of pages13
Volume2
ISBN (Print)9781604238464
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes
Event100th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association 2007, ACE 2007 - Pittsburgh, United States
Duration: Jun 26 2007Jun 29 2007

Other

Other100th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association 2007, ACE 2007
CountryUnited States
CityPittsburgh
Period6/26/076/29/07

Fingerprint

Pesticides
Hazards
pesticide
hazard
pyrethroid
pesticide residue
analysis
dwelling
Information use
Risk management
cost
household
Costs

Keywords

  • Classification and regression tree (CART)
  • Cyfluthrin
  • Hispanic
  • Household characteristics
  • Pesticides
  • Public housing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

Julien, R., Canales, R. A., Levy, J. I., Hauser, R., Adamkiewicz, G., Hynes, H. P., ... Spengler, J. D. (2007). Pesticides in urban multi-unit dwellings: Hazard identification using classification and regression tree (CART) analysis and the control of risks associated with pesticide use. In 100th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association 2007, ACE 2007 (Vol. 2, pp. 878-890). Air and Waste Management Association.

Pesticides in urban multi-unit dwellings : Hazard identification using classification and regression tree (CART) analysis and the control of risks associated with pesticide use. / Julien, Rhona; Canales, Robert A; Levy, Jonathan I.; Hauser, Russ; Adamkiewicz, Gary; Hynes, H. Patricia; Reid, Margaret; Spengler, John D.

100th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association 2007, ACE 2007. Vol. 2 Air and Waste Management Association, 2007. p. 878-890.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Julien, R, Canales, RA, Levy, JI, Hauser, R, Adamkiewicz, G, Hynes, HP, Reid, M & Spengler, JD 2007, Pesticides in urban multi-unit dwellings: Hazard identification using classification and regression tree (CART) analysis and the control of risks associated with pesticide use. in 100th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association 2007, ACE 2007. vol. 2, Air and Waste Management Association, pp. 878-890, 100th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association 2007, ACE 2007, Pittsburgh, United States, 6/26/07.
Julien R, Canales RA, Levy JI, Hauser R, Adamkiewicz G, Hynes HP et al. Pesticides in urban multi-unit dwellings: Hazard identification using classification and regression tree (CART) analysis and the control of risks associated with pesticide use. In 100th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association 2007, ACE 2007. Vol. 2. Air and Waste Management Association. 2007. p. 878-890
Julien, Rhona ; Canales, Robert A ; Levy, Jonathan I. ; Hauser, Russ ; Adamkiewicz, Gary ; Hynes, H. Patricia ; Reid, Margaret ; Spengler, John D. / Pesticides in urban multi-unit dwellings : Hazard identification using classification and regression tree (CART) analysis and the control of risks associated with pesticide use. 100th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association 2007, ACE 2007. Vol. 2 Air and Waste Management Association, 2007. pp. 878-890
@inproceedings{926198349e9249939b9b97dda7a1481a,
title = "Pesticides in urban multi-unit dwellings: Hazard identification using classification and regression tree (CART) analysis and the control of risks associated with pesticide use",
abstract = "The goal of the study was to devise a low cost approach to identify homes in public housing with high levels of pesticide residues, including banned and restricted use pesticides (RUPs), to help determine optimal strategies to reduce household exposures. We collected environmental samples from 42 public housing apartments in Boston, Massachusetts in 2002 and 2003 and gathered pesticide use information, housing characteristics, and demographics. Focusing on 5 organophosphate and pyrethroid pesticides, we used classification and regression tree analysis (CART) to disaggregate the pesticide concentration data into homogenous sub samples according to home characteristics, which allowed us to identify households and associated networks impacted by the mismanagement of pesticides. The CART analysis demonstrated reasonable sensitivity and specificity for models with more extensive household information but generally poor performance using only information available without a home visit. Apartments with high concentrations of cyfluthrin, a pyrethroid, were more likely to be associated with Hispanic residents who resided in their current apartment for more than 5 years, which was consistent with documented pesticide usage patterns. We conclude that using CART as an exploratory technique to better understand the home characteristics associated with elevated pesticide levels, may be a viable approach for risk management in large multi-unit housing developments.",
keywords = "Classification and regression tree (CART), Cyfluthrin, Hispanic, Household characteristics, Pesticides, Public housing",
author = "Rhona Julien and Canales, {Robert A} and Levy, {Jonathan I.} and Russ Hauser and Gary Adamkiewicz and Hynes, {H. Patricia} and Margaret Reid and Spengler, {John D.}",
year = "2007",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9781604238464",
volume = "2",
pages = "878--890",
booktitle = "100th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association 2007, ACE 2007",
publisher = "Air and Waste Management Association",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Pesticides in urban multi-unit dwellings

T2 - Hazard identification using classification and regression tree (CART) analysis and the control of risks associated with pesticide use

AU - Julien, Rhona

AU - Canales, Robert A

AU - Levy, Jonathan I.

AU - Hauser, Russ

AU - Adamkiewicz, Gary

AU - Hynes, H. Patricia

AU - Reid, Margaret

AU - Spengler, John D.

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - The goal of the study was to devise a low cost approach to identify homes in public housing with high levels of pesticide residues, including banned and restricted use pesticides (RUPs), to help determine optimal strategies to reduce household exposures. We collected environmental samples from 42 public housing apartments in Boston, Massachusetts in 2002 and 2003 and gathered pesticide use information, housing characteristics, and demographics. Focusing on 5 organophosphate and pyrethroid pesticides, we used classification and regression tree analysis (CART) to disaggregate the pesticide concentration data into homogenous sub samples according to home characteristics, which allowed us to identify households and associated networks impacted by the mismanagement of pesticides. The CART analysis demonstrated reasonable sensitivity and specificity for models with more extensive household information but generally poor performance using only information available without a home visit. Apartments with high concentrations of cyfluthrin, a pyrethroid, were more likely to be associated with Hispanic residents who resided in their current apartment for more than 5 years, which was consistent with documented pesticide usage patterns. We conclude that using CART as an exploratory technique to better understand the home characteristics associated with elevated pesticide levels, may be a viable approach for risk management in large multi-unit housing developments.

AB - The goal of the study was to devise a low cost approach to identify homes in public housing with high levels of pesticide residues, including banned and restricted use pesticides (RUPs), to help determine optimal strategies to reduce household exposures. We collected environmental samples from 42 public housing apartments in Boston, Massachusetts in 2002 and 2003 and gathered pesticide use information, housing characteristics, and demographics. Focusing on 5 organophosphate and pyrethroid pesticides, we used classification and regression tree analysis (CART) to disaggregate the pesticide concentration data into homogenous sub samples according to home characteristics, which allowed us to identify households and associated networks impacted by the mismanagement of pesticides. The CART analysis demonstrated reasonable sensitivity and specificity for models with more extensive household information but generally poor performance using only information available without a home visit. Apartments with high concentrations of cyfluthrin, a pyrethroid, were more likely to be associated with Hispanic residents who resided in their current apartment for more than 5 years, which was consistent with documented pesticide usage patterns. We conclude that using CART as an exploratory technique to better understand the home characteristics associated with elevated pesticide levels, may be a viable approach for risk management in large multi-unit housing developments.

KW - Classification and regression tree (CART)

KW - Cyfluthrin

KW - Hispanic

KW - Household characteristics

KW - Pesticides

KW - Public housing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84933527654&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84933527654&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84933527654

SN - 9781604238464

VL - 2

SP - 878

EP - 890

BT - 100th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association 2007, ACE 2007

PB - Air and Waste Management Association

ER -