pH and the crawling of nematode sperm

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Tissue formation, wound healing, immune surveillance and most importantly, inhibition of cancer and tumor metastasis is of prime interest. In order to study translocation within these intriguing cells, we focus on cellular crawling motility in sperm from the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, which is similar to the crawling motility of many other eukaryotic cells. C. elegans spermatozoa utilize a cytoskeleton composed of Major Sperm Protein (MSP) to produce the force necessary for cellular movement. A complete understanding of the mechanics of this process and how it is regulated is still lacking. In the sperm from Ascaris suum, another nematode, internal pH has been suggested as a regulator of motility. The focus of this study is to determine the role of pH in regulating motility in C. elegans sperm and to determine how the cell maintains its internal pH. Using ratiometric imaging we show that C. elegans sperm maintain a substantial pH gradient between the front and back of the cell. A mathematical model suggests how the cell maintains this gradient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBioengineering, Proceedings of the Northeast Conference
Pages71-72
Number of pages2
Volume2006
StatePublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes
EventIEEE 32nd Annual Northeast Bioengineering Conference, 2006 - Easton, PA, United States
Duration: Apr 1 2006Apr 2 2006

Other

OtherIEEE 32nd Annual Northeast Bioengineering Conference, 2006
CountryUnited States
CityEaston, PA
Period4/1/064/2/06

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Tumors
Mechanics
Tissue
Mathematical models
Proteins
Imaging techniques

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Dacanay, B., & Wolgemuth, C. W. (2006). pH and the crawling of nematode sperm. In Bioengineering, Proceedings of the Northeast Conference (Vol. 2006, pp. 71-72). [1629757]

pH and the crawling of nematode sperm. / Dacanay, B.; Wolgemuth, Charles William.

Bioengineering, Proceedings of the Northeast Conference. Vol. 2006 2006. p. 71-72 1629757.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Dacanay, B & Wolgemuth, CW 2006, pH and the crawling of nematode sperm. in Bioengineering, Proceedings of the Northeast Conference. vol. 2006, 1629757, pp. 71-72, IEEE 32nd Annual Northeast Bioengineering Conference, 2006, Easton, PA, United States, 4/1/06.
Dacanay B, Wolgemuth CW. pH and the crawling of nematode sperm. In Bioengineering, Proceedings of the Northeast Conference. Vol. 2006. 2006. p. 71-72. 1629757
Dacanay, B. ; Wolgemuth, Charles William. / pH and the crawling of nematode sperm. Bioengineering, Proceedings of the Northeast Conference. Vol. 2006 2006. pp. 71-72
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