A single dose of dacarbazine (DTIC), followed by a 5-day intravenous infusion of vindesine (VDS) was administered every 3 weeks to 103 patients with metastatic melanoma. One half of the patients were randomised to receive intravenous methanol extraction residue (MER) of bacillus Calmette-Guarin (BCG) in addition to chemotherapy, on days 7 and 14 of each course. 98 patients were evaluable. The response rates in treatment groups were 16 and 17%, respectively (confidence interval 9-24%). Neither the response rate nor the survival improved when MER was added to chemotherapy. Toxicity was moderate except for a significant granulocytopenia. The combination of DTIC and VDS is not more effective than DTIC alone and has added neurotoxicity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research