Phase transition behavior of hydroxypropylcellulose under interpolymer complexation with poly(acrylic acid)

Xihua Lu, Zhibing Hu, Jacob C Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The phase transition behavior of hydroxypropylcellulose (HPC) under interpolymer complexation with poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) has been studied by turbidity and laser light scattering measurements. It has been found that the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of the HPC was drastically reduced after adding 1 wt % of PAA into the HPC solution. The LCST of the HPC/PAA complexes decreased with the increase of the molecular weight of either the HPC or the PAA. The driving force shifting the LCST is attributed to the hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interaction of the macromolecules. As the pH value increases from at 4.0 to 6.0, the LCST of the HPC-PAA complex decreases. This may be due to the salt effect of the polyelectrolyte on the nonionic polymer. The HPC/PAA complexation has been observed even at very dilute solution of 1.6 × 10-5 g/mL at pH = 3.2. The study of complexation between the HPC and the PAA leads to a new method for synthesis of surfactant-free microgels at room temperature. The resultant microgels swell and collapse at the pH value higher and lower than the pKα value of the PAA, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9164-9168
Number of pages5
JournalMacromolecules
Volume35
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 19 2002
Externally publishedYes

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carbopol 940
Complexation
Acrylics
Phase transitions
Acids
Temperature
Turbidity
Polyelectrolytes
Macromolecules
Light scattering
hydroxypropylcellulose
Hydrogen bonds
Surface active agents
Molecular weight
Surface-Active Agents
Salts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Phase transition behavior of hydroxypropylcellulose under interpolymer complexation with poly(acrylic acid). / Lu, Xihua; Hu, Zhibing; Schwartz, Jacob C.

In: Macromolecules, Vol. 35, No. 24, 19.11.2002, p. 9164-9168.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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