Phonological acquisition in bilingual Spanish-English speaking children

Leah C Fabiano-Smith, Brian A. Goldstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: In this study, the authors aimed to determine how between-language interaction contributes to phonological acquisition in bilingual Spanish-English speaking children. Method: A total of 24 typically developing children, ages 3;0 (years;months) to 4;0, were included in this study: 8 bilingual Spanish-English speaking children, 8 monolingual Spanish speakers, and 8 monolingual English speakers. Single word and connected speech samples were obtained for each child. This study examined interaction between the two languages of bilingual children during phonological acquisition through the measurement of (a) transfer (the frequency and types of phonological transfer present in the speech of bilingual children); (b) deceleration (a slower rate of acquisition for bilinguals as compared with monolinguals); and (c) acceleration (a faster rate of acquisition for bilinguals as compared with monolinguals. Results: Findings demonstrated that (a) transfer was evident in the productions of bilingual children, (b) differences were found in accuracy between monolingual and bilingual children, and (c) sound frequency did not predict differential accuracy of either phonetically similar sounds between languages or phonetically dissimilar sounds specific to Spanish or English. Implications: The results from this study indicate that transfer, deceleration, and a possible variation of the acceleration hypothesis occur in bilingual phonological acquisition. Evidence was found for separation and interaction between the bilingual children's 2 languages (J. Paradis & F. Genesee, 1996).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)160-178
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

speaking
Child Language
Deceleration
Language
language
interaction
English-Spanish
Phonological Acquisition
Bilingual children
Sound
present
Interaction
evidence

Keywords

  • Bilingual
  • Interaction
  • Phonology
  • Spanish

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Speech and Hearing
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Phonological acquisition in bilingual Spanish-English speaking children. / Fabiano-Smith, Leah C; Goldstein, Brian A.

In: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, Vol. 53, No. 1, 01.02.2010, p. 160-178.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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