Phonological and phonetic properties of nasal substitution in Sasak and Javanese

Diana B Archangeli, Jonathan Yip, Lang Qin, Albert Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Austronesian languages such as Sasak and Javanese have a pattern of morphological nasal substitution, where nasals alternate with homorganic oral obstruents—except that [s] is described as alternating with [], not with [n]. This appears to be an abstract morphophonological relation between [s] and [] where other parts of the paradigm have a concrete homorganic relation. Articulatory ultrasound data were collected of productions of [t, n, , ], along with [s] and its nasal counterpart from two languages, from 10 Sasak and 8 Javanese speakers. Comparisons of lingual contours using a root mean square analysis were evaluated with linear mixed-effects regression models, a method that proves reliable for testing questions of phonological neutralization. In both languages, [t, n, s] exhibit a high degree of articulatory similarity, whereas postalveolar [] and its nasal counterpart [] exhibited less similarity. The nasal counterpart of [s] was identical in articulation to []. This indicates an abstract, rather than concrete, relationship between [s] and its morphophonological nasal counterpart, with the two sounds not sharing articulatory place in either Sasak or Javanese.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-27
Number of pages27
JournalLaboratory Phonology
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 4 2017

Fingerprint

Phonetics
Speech analysis
Nose
phonetics
substitution
Substitution reactions
Concretes
language
Language
neutralization
Ultrasonics
Acoustic waves
Testing
paradigm
regression
Tongue
Nasal
Substitution

Keywords

  • Abstract phonological relations
  • Javanese
  • Nasal substitution
  • Place of articulation
  • Sasak
  • Ultrasound language research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Linguistics and Language
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Podiatry
  • Computer Science Applications

Cite this

Phonological and phonetic properties of nasal substitution in Sasak and Javanese. / Archangeli, Diana B; Yip, Jonathan; Qin, Lang; Lee, Albert.

In: Laboratory Phonology, Vol. 8, No. 1, 04.09.2017, p. 1-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Archangeli, Diana B ; Yip, Jonathan ; Qin, Lang ; Lee, Albert. / Phonological and phonetic properties of nasal substitution in Sasak and Javanese. In: Laboratory Phonology. 2017 ; Vol. 8, No. 1. pp. 1-27.
@article{2a37bba22c364f7c9d6d6c0d9d765327,
title = "Phonological and phonetic properties of nasal substitution in Sasak and Javanese",
abstract = "Austronesian languages such as Sasak and Javanese have a pattern of morphological nasal substitution, where nasals alternate with homorganic oral obstruents—except that [s] is described as alternating with [], not with [n]. This appears to be an abstract morphophonological relation between [s] and [] where other parts of the paradigm have a concrete homorganic relation. Articulatory ultrasound data were collected of productions of [t, n, , ], along with [s] and its nasal counterpart from two languages, from 10 Sasak and 8 Javanese speakers. Comparisons of lingual contours using a root mean square analysis were evaluated with linear mixed-effects regression models, a method that proves reliable for testing questions of phonological neutralization. In both languages, [t, n, s] exhibit a high degree of articulatory similarity, whereas postalveolar [] and its nasal counterpart [] exhibited less similarity. The nasal counterpart of [s] was identical in articulation to []. This indicates an abstract, rather than concrete, relationship between [s] and its morphophonological nasal counterpart, with the two sounds not sharing articulatory place in either Sasak or Javanese.",
keywords = "Abstract phonological relations, Javanese, Nasal substitution, Place of articulation, Sasak, Ultrasound language research",
author = "Archangeli, {Diana B} and Jonathan Yip and Lang Qin and Albert Lee",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
day = "4",
doi = "10.5334/labphon.46",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
pages = "1--27",
journal = "Laboratory Phonology",
issn = "1868-6346",
publisher = "Ubiquity Press Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Phonological and phonetic properties of nasal substitution in Sasak and Javanese

AU - Archangeli, Diana B

AU - Yip, Jonathan

AU - Qin, Lang

AU - Lee, Albert

PY - 2017/9/4

Y1 - 2017/9/4

N2 - Austronesian languages such as Sasak and Javanese have a pattern of morphological nasal substitution, where nasals alternate with homorganic oral obstruents—except that [s] is described as alternating with [], not with [n]. This appears to be an abstract morphophonological relation between [s] and [] where other parts of the paradigm have a concrete homorganic relation. Articulatory ultrasound data were collected of productions of [t, n, , ], along with [s] and its nasal counterpart from two languages, from 10 Sasak and 8 Javanese speakers. Comparisons of lingual contours using a root mean square analysis were evaluated with linear mixed-effects regression models, a method that proves reliable for testing questions of phonological neutralization. In both languages, [t, n, s] exhibit a high degree of articulatory similarity, whereas postalveolar [] and its nasal counterpart [] exhibited less similarity. The nasal counterpart of [s] was identical in articulation to []. This indicates an abstract, rather than concrete, relationship between [s] and its morphophonological nasal counterpart, with the two sounds not sharing articulatory place in either Sasak or Javanese.

AB - Austronesian languages such as Sasak and Javanese have a pattern of morphological nasal substitution, where nasals alternate with homorganic oral obstruents—except that [s] is described as alternating with [], not with [n]. This appears to be an abstract morphophonological relation between [s] and [] where other parts of the paradigm have a concrete homorganic relation. Articulatory ultrasound data were collected of productions of [t, n, , ], along with [s] and its nasal counterpart from two languages, from 10 Sasak and 8 Javanese speakers. Comparisons of lingual contours using a root mean square analysis were evaluated with linear mixed-effects regression models, a method that proves reliable for testing questions of phonological neutralization. In both languages, [t, n, s] exhibit a high degree of articulatory similarity, whereas postalveolar [] and its nasal counterpart [] exhibited less similarity. The nasal counterpart of [s] was identical in articulation to []. This indicates an abstract, rather than concrete, relationship between [s] and its morphophonological nasal counterpart, with the two sounds not sharing articulatory place in either Sasak or Javanese.

KW - Abstract phonological relations

KW - Javanese

KW - Nasal substitution

KW - Place of articulation

KW - Sasak

KW - Ultrasound language research

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85042654649&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85042654649&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5334/labphon.46

DO - 10.5334/labphon.46

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85042654649

VL - 8

SP - 1

EP - 27

JO - Laboratory Phonology

JF - Laboratory Phonology

SN - 1868-6346

IS - 1

ER -