c-Jun and its oncogenic counterpart v-Jun are completely conserved within the region from Ser-63 to Ser-73; these serines are sites for phorbol ester-inducible c-Jun phosphorylation. Using a U937 human leukemic cell line stably expressing v-Jun, we have demonstrated that phorbol esters stimulate the in vivo phosphorylation of c-Jun but not v-Jun. We developed an in vitro protein kinase assay to characterize the c-Jun protein kinase and to examine the determinants underlying this differential phosphorylation. Fusion proteins between glutathione S-transferase and the N terminus of c-Jun, v-Jun, or several c-Jun mutants were used as substrates. A c-Jun kinase activity was affinity-purified 5000-fold by using glutathione S-transferase - c-Jun-glutathione-Sepharose beads and was found to phosphorylate the N terminus of c-Jun but not v-Jun or c-Jun containing a 27-amino acid N-terminal deletion found in v-Jun. These effects were also observed in vivo as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate did not induce the phosphorylation of v-Jun or the c-Jun deletion mutant in U937 cell lines stably expressing these proteins. These findings indicate that the δ domain of c-Jun (amino acids 34-60), which is deleted in v-Jun, plays a critical role in regulating N-terminal c-Jun phosphorylation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 1992|
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