Photoelectron imaging of negative ions: Atomic anions to molecular clusters

Richard Mabbs, Eric Surber, Andrei Sanov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

The negative ion photoelectron imaging technique is illustrated using two relatively simple atomic and molecular anion systems, and then applied to the study of a cluster system. Photoelectron images of I- and CS2- at 267 nm and 800 nm respectively are presented. Photoelectron spectra and angular distributions are obtained from the images and the concepts underlying these and their interpretation are outlined. The imaging technique is then applied to (CS2)n- (n = 2-4) cluster anions, for which 400 nm images are presented. Features of these images are highlighted and discussed with reference to solvation effects and structural properties of the cluster anionic moiety. Photoelectron signatures of different forms of the cluster core are discussed. These core structures are anionic monomer units solvated by the remaining n - 1 CS2 molecules or covalent dimer units solvated by the remaining n - 2 molecules. Images of the n = 2 anion at 400, 530 and 800 nm reveal information about the electron detachment processes within the different cluster types and both direct detachment and autodetachment are seen. The direct transitions are seen from clusters with either core type, while autodetachment is only seen from clusters with the covalent dimer core. The imaging work also reveals evidence of a previously unreported electronic transition within the direct detachment band due to the covalently bound core type.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)765-772
Number of pages8
JournalAnalyst
Volume128
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

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