Photoionization resonances of Si II in stellar spectra

T. Lanz, M. C. Artru, M. Le Dourneuf, Ivan - Hubeny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have studied the influence of the Si+ photoionization on stellar atmospheres. Recent calculations using the R-matrix code provide detailed cross-sections with autoionization resonances for the first 50 energy levels of Si+. These photoionization cross-sections are included in the calculation of the far ultraviolet synthetic spectrum of A and late B-type stars. The opacity from the six lowest excited states of Si+ provides observable features in the emergent spectrum of a solar-composition AO star. The photoionization from higher states of Si+ should be included when modeling hotter or silicon-rich stars. These new cross-sections increase dramatically the opacity in the far UV spectrum of Ap Si stars and allow to reproduce the most characteristic UV features of these stars, as illustrated by a comparison with IUE data for the hot Ap Si star HD 34452. Broad features in its spectrum are definitely assigned to Si II autoionization resonances, and the flux deficiency below 130 nm is well matched with a predicted continuum edge near this wavelength. The successful stellar spectrum synthesis brings a strong support to the R-matrix photoionization calculations, which cannot otherwise be compared to laboratory data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)218-226
Number of pages9
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume309
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

stellar spectra
photoionization
stars
cross section
autoionization
opacity
cross sections
matrix
stellar atmospheres
IUE
silicon
wavelength
energy levels
atmosphere
continuums
modeling
energy
synthesis
calculation
wavelengths

Keywords

  • Atomic data
  • Lines: identification
  • Stars: atmospheres
  • Stars: chemically peculiar
  • Ultraviolet: stars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Lanz, T., Artru, M. C., Le Dourneuf, M., & Hubeny, I. . (1996). Photoionization resonances of Si II in stellar spectra. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 309(1), 218-226.

Photoionization resonances of Si II in stellar spectra. / Lanz, T.; Artru, M. C.; Le Dourneuf, M.; Hubeny, Ivan -.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 309, No. 1, 01.05.1996, p. 218-226.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lanz, T, Artru, MC, Le Dourneuf, M & Hubeny, I 1996, 'Photoionization resonances of Si II in stellar spectra', Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 309, no. 1, pp. 218-226.
Lanz T, Artru MC, Le Dourneuf M, Hubeny I. Photoionization resonances of Si II in stellar spectra. Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1996 May 1;309(1):218-226.
Lanz, T. ; Artru, M. C. ; Le Dourneuf, M. ; Hubeny, Ivan -. / Photoionization resonances of Si II in stellar spectra. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1996 ; Vol. 309, No. 1. pp. 218-226.
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AB - We have studied the influence of the Si+ photoionization on stellar atmospheres. Recent calculations using the R-matrix code provide detailed cross-sections with autoionization resonances for the first 50 energy levels of Si+. These photoionization cross-sections are included in the calculation of the far ultraviolet synthetic spectrum of A and late B-type stars. The opacity from the six lowest excited states of Si+ provides observable features in the emergent spectrum of a solar-composition AO star. The photoionization from higher states of Si+ should be included when modeling hotter or silicon-rich stars. These new cross-sections increase dramatically the opacity in the far UV spectrum of Ap Si stars and allow to reproduce the most characteristic UV features of these stars, as illustrated by a comparison with IUE data for the hot Ap Si star HD 34452. Broad features in its spectrum are definitely assigned to Si II autoionization resonances, and the flux deficiency below 130 nm is well matched with a predicted continuum edge near this wavelength. The successful stellar spectrum synthesis brings a strong support to the R-matrix photoionization calculations, which cannot otherwise be compared to laboratory data.

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