Photometric and Spectroscopic Properties of Type Ia Supernova 2018oh with Early Excess Emission from the Kepler 2 Observations

W. Li, X. Wang, J. Vinkó, J. Mo, G. Hosseinzadeh, D. J. Sand, J. Zhang, H. Lin, T. Zhang, L. Wang, J. Zhang, Z. Chen, D. Xiang, L. Rui, F. Huang, X. Li, X. Zhang, L. Li, E. Baron, J. M. DerkacyX. Zhao, H. Sai, K. Zhang, L. Wang, D. A. Howell, C. McCully, I. Arcavi, S. Valenti, D. Hiramatsu, J. Burke, A. Rest, P. Garnavich, B. E. Tucker, G. Narayan, E. Shaya, S. Margheim, A. Zenteno, A. Villar, G. Dimitriadis, R. J. Foley, Y. C. Pan, D. A. Coulter, O. D. Fox, S. W. Jha, D. O. Jones, D. N. Kasen, C. D. Kilpatrick, A. L. Piro, A. G. Riess, C. Rojas-Bravo, B. J. Shappee, T. W.S. Holoien, K. Z. Stanek, M. R. Drout, K. Auchettl, C. S. Kochanek, J. S. Brown, S. Bose, D. Bersier, J. Brimacombe, P. Chen, S. Dong, S. Holmbo, J. A. Muñoz, R. L. Mutel, R. S. Post, J. L. Prieto, J. Shields, D. Tallon, T. A. Thompson, P. J. Vallely, S. Villanueva, S. J. Smartt, K. W. Smith, K. C. Chambers, H. A. Flewelling, M. E. Huber, E. A. Magnier, C. Z. Waters, A. S.B. Schultz, J. Bulger, T. B. Lowe, M. Willman, K. Sárneczky, A. Pál, J. C. Wheeler, A. Bódi, Zs Bognár, B. Csák, B. Cseh, G. Csörnyei, O. Hanyecz, B. Ignácz, Cs Kalup, R. Könyves-Tóth, L. Kriskovics, A. Ordasi, I. Rajmon, A. Sódor, R. Szabó, R. Szakáts, G. Zsidi, P. Milne, J. E. Andrews, N. Smith, C. Bilinski, P. J. Brown, J. Nordin, S. C. Williams, L. Galbany, J. Palmerio, I. M. Hook, C. Inserra, K. Maguire, Régis Cartier, A. Razza, C. P. Gutiérrez, J. J. Hermes, J. S. Reding, B. C. Kaiser, J. L. Tonry, A. N. Heinze, L. Denneau, H. Weiland, B. Stalder, G. Barentsen, J. Dotson, T. Barclay, M. Gully-Santiago, C. Hedges, A. M. Cody, S. Howell, J. Coughlin, J. E.Van Cleve, J. Vinícius De Miranda Cardoso, K. A. Larson, K. M. McCalmont-Everton, C. A. Peterson, S. E. Ross, L. H. Reedy, D. Osborne, C. McGinn, L. Kohnert, L. Migliorini, A. Wheaton, B. Spencer, C. Labonde, G. Castillo, G. Beerman, K. Steward, M. Hanley, R. Larsen, R. Gangopadhyay, R. Kloetzel, T. Weschler, V. Nystrom, J. Moffatt, M. Redick, K. Griest, M. Packard, M. Muszynski, J. Kampmeier, R. Bjella, S. Flynn, B. Elsaesser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Supernova (SN) 2018oh (ASASSN-18bt) is the first spectroscopically confirmed Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) observed in the Kepler field. The Kepler data revealed an excess emission in its early light curve, allowing us to place interesting constraints on its progenitor system. Here we present extensive optical, ultraviolet, and near-infrared photometry, as well as dense sampling of optical spectra, for this object. SN 2018oh is relatively normal in its photometric evolution, with a rise time of 18.3 ± 0.3 days and Δm 15(B) = 0.96 ± 0.03 mag, but it seems to have bluer B - V colors. We construct the "UVOIR" bolometric light curve having a peak luminosity of 1.49 × 1043 erg s-1, from which we derive a nickel mass as 0.55 ± 0.04 M o by fitting radiation diffusion models powered by centrally located 56Ni. Note that the moment when nickel-powered luminosity starts to emerge is +3.85 days after the first light in the Kepler data, suggesting other origins of the early-time emission, e.g., mixing of 56Ni to outer layers of the ejecta or interaction between the ejecta and nearby circumstellar material or a nondegenerate companion star. The spectral evolution of SN 2018oh is similar to that of a normal SN Ia but is characterized by prominent and persistent carbon absorption features. The C ii features can be detected from the early phases to about 3 weeks after the maximum light, representing the latest detection of carbon ever recorded in an SN Ia. This indicates that a considerable amount of unburned carbon exists in the ejecta of SN 2018oh and may mix into deeper layers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number12
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume870
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • supernovae: general
  • supernovae: individual (SN 2018oh)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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