Photometric redshifts of quasars

Gordon T. Richards, Michael A. Weinstein, Donald P. Schneider, Xiaohui Fan, Michael A. Strauss, Daniel E. Vanden Berk, James Annis, Scott Burles, Emily M. Laubacher, Donald G. York, Joshua A. Frieman, David Johnston, Ryan Scranton, James E. Gunn, Željko Ivezić, R. C. Nichol, Tamás Budavári, István Csabai, Alexander S. Szalay, Andrew J. ConnollyGyula P. Szokoly, Neta A. Bahcall, Narciso Benítez, J. Brinkmann, Robert Brunner, Masataka Fukugita, Patrick B. Hall, G. S. Hennessy, G. R. Knapp, Peter Z. Kunszt, D. Q. Lamb, Jeffrey A. Munn, Heidi J O Newberg, Chris Stoughton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We demonstrate that the design of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) filter system and the quality of the SDSS imaging data are sufficient for determining accurate and precise photometric redshifts of quasars. Using a sample of 2625 quasars, we show that "photo-z" determination is even possible for z ≤ 2.2 despite the lack of a strong continuum break, which robust photo-z techniques normally require. We find that, using our empirical method on our sample of objects known to be quasars, approximately 70% of the photometric redshifts are correct to within Δz = 0.2; the fraction of correct photometric redshifts is even better for z > 3. The accuracy of quasar photometric redshifts does not appear to be dependent upon magnitude to nearly 21st magnitude in i′. Careful calibration of the color-redshift relation to 21st magnitude may allow for the discovery of ∼106 quasar candidates in addition to the 105 quasars that the SDSS will confirm spectroscopically. We discuss the efficient selection of quasar candidates from imaging data for use with the photometric redshift technique and the potential scientific uses of a large sample of quasar candidates with photometric redshifts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1151-1162
Number of pages12
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume122
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2001
Externally publishedYes

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quasars
filter
calibration
continuums
color
filters
method

Keywords

  • Galaxies: distances and redshifts
  • Galaxies: photometry
  • Methods: statistical
  • Quasars: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Richards, G. T., Weinstein, M. A., Schneider, D. P., Fan, X., Strauss, M. A., Vanden Berk, D. E., ... Stoughton, C. (2001). Photometric redshifts of quasars. Astronomical Journal, 122(3), 1151-1162. https://doi.org/10.1086/322132

Photometric redshifts of quasars. / Richards, Gordon T.; Weinstein, Michael A.; Schneider, Donald P.; Fan, Xiaohui; Strauss, Michael A.; Vanden Berk, Daniel E.; Annis, James; Burles, Scott; Laubacher, Emily M.; York, Donald G.; Frieman, Joshua A.; Johnston, David; Scranton, Ryan; Gunn, James E.; Ivezić, Željko; Nichol, R. C.; Budavári, Tamás; Csabai, István; Szalay, Alexander S.; Connolly, Andrew J.; Szokoly, Gyula P.; Bahcall, Neta A.; Benítez, Narciso; Brinkmann, J.; Brunner, Robert; Fukugita, Masataka; Hall, Patrick B.; Hennessy, G. S.; Knapp, G. R.; Kunszt, Peter Z.; Lamb, D. Q.; Munn, Jeffrey A.; Newberg, Heidi J O; Stoughton, Chris.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 122, No. 3, 09.2001, p. 1151-1162.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Richards, GT, Weinstein, MA, Schneider, DP, Fan, X, Strauss, MA, Vanden Berk, DE, Annis, J, Burles, S, Laubacher, EM, York, DG, Frieman, JA, Johnston, D, Scranton, R, Gunn, JE, Ivezić, Ž, Nichol, RC, Budavári, T, Csabai, I, Szalay, AS, Connolly, AJ, Szokoly, GP, Bahcall, NA, Benítez, N, Brinkmann, J, Brunner, R, Fukugita, M, Hall, PB, Hennessy, GS, Knapp, GR, Kunszt, PZ, Lamb, DQ, Munn, JA, Newberg, HJO & Stoughton, C 2001, 'Photometric redshifts of quasars', Astronomical Journal, vol. 122, no. 3, pp. 1151-1162. https://doi.org/10.1086/322132
Richards GT, Weinstein MA, Schneider DP, Fan X, Strauss MA, Vanden Berk DE et al. Photometric redshifts of quasars. Astronomical Journal. 2001 Sep;122(3):1151-1162. https://doi.org/10.1086/322132
Richards, Gordon T. ; Weinstein, Michael A. ; Schneider, Donald P. ; Fan, Xiaohui ; Strauss, Michael A. ; Vanden Berk, Daniel E. ; Annis, James ; Burles, Scott ; Laubacher, Emily M. ; York, Donald G. ; Frieman, Joshua A. ; Johnston, David ; Scranton, Ryan ; Gunn, James E. ; Ivezić, Željko ; Nichol, R. C. ; Budavári, Tamás ; Csabai, István ; Szalay, Alexander S. ; Connolly, Andrew J. ; Szokoly, Gyula P. ; Bahcall, Neta A. ; Benítez, Narciso ; Brinkmann, J. ; Brunner, Robert ; Fukugita, Masataka ; Hall, Patrick B. ; Hennessy, G. S. ; Knapp, G. R. ; Kunszt, Peter Z. ; Lamb, D. Q. ; Munn, Jeffrey A. ; Newberg, Heidi J O ; Stoughton, Chris. / Photometric redshifts of quasars. In: Astronomical Journal. 2001 ; Vol. 122, No. 3. pp. 1151-1162.
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AU - Richards, Gordon T.

AU - Weinstein, Michael A.

AU - Schneider, Donald P.

AU - Fan, Xiaohui

AU - Strauss, Michael A.

AU - Vanden Berk, Daniel E.

AU - Annis, James

AU - Burles, Scott

AU - Laubacher, Emily M.

AU - York, Donald G.

AU - Frieman, Joshua A.

AU - Johnston, David

AU - Scranton, Ryan

AU - Gunn, James E.

AU - Ivezić, Željko

AU - Nichol, R. C.

AU - Budavári, Tamás

AU - Csabai, István

AU - Szalay, Alexander S.

AU - Connolly, Andrew J.

AU - Szokoly, Gyula P.

AU - Bahcall, Neta A.

AU - Benítez, Narciso

AU - Brinkmann, J.

AU - Brunner, Robert

AU - Fukugita, Masataka

AU - Hall, Patrick B.

AU - Hennessy, G. S.

AU - Knapp, G. R.

AU - Kunszt, Peter Z.

AU - Lamb, D. Q.

AU - Munn, Jeffrey A.

AU - Newberg, Heidi J O

AU - Stoughton, Chris

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N2 - We demonstrate that the design of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) filter system and the quality of the SDSS imaging data are sufficient for determining accurate and precise photometric redshifts of quasars. Using a sample of 2625 quasars, we show that "photo-z" determination is even possible for z ≤ 2.2 despite the lack of a strong continuum break, which robust photo-z techniques normally require. We find that, using our empirical method on our sample of objects known to be quasars, approximately 70% of the photometric redshifts are correct to within Δz = 0.2; the fraction of correct photometric redshifts is even better for z > 3. The accuracy of quasar photometric redshifts does not appear to be dependent upon magnitude to nearly 21st magnitude in i′. Careful calibration of the color-redshift relation to 21st magnitude may allow for the discovery of ∼106 quasar candidates in addition to the 105 quasars that the SDSS will confirm spectroscopically. We discuss the efficient selection of quasar candidates from imaging data for use with the photometric redshift technique and the potential scientific uses of a large sample of quasar candidates with photometric redshifts.

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KW - Galaxies: distances and redshifts

KW - Galaxies: photometry

KW - Methods: statistical

KW - Quasars: general

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