Photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) on Mars for advanced life support

Eiichi Ono, Joel L Cuello

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Significant reductions in electrical-power demand as well as in related mass and physical volume might be achieved if available extraterrestrial solar irradiance could be utilized for plant production in a Bioregenerative Life Support System (BLSS) on Mars. Working estimates of the available photosynthetic photon flux (PPF) at Chryse Planitia (22.3° N, 47.9° W), landing site for the Viking Lander 1 (VL-1) on Mars and geographically near the Mars Pathfinder's landing site, were simulated based on the year-long actual irradiance measurements and downward spectral characteristics made by VL-1 in the 1970's. The results showed that the Wm-2 to μmol m2 s-1 conversion factors for Earth and Mars are essentially equal, being approximately 4.6 μmol m-2 s-1/Wm-2. For half of the total sunshine hours at Chryse Planitia for a whole Martian year, the incident PPF level is at least 400 μmol m-2 s. At approximately 7 % of the sunshine hours in a Martian year, however, the PPF level is zero owing to weather factors. Replacing the Martian solar irradiance as gathered by a Solar Irradiance Collection, Transmission and Distribution System (SICTDS) with 40% efficiency would require either 0.1 kW of HPS lighting or 0.16 kW of CWF lighting supplied continuously for 8,235 hrs, which is equivalent to approximately 11.5 Earth months. A plant lighting regime on Mars consisting of 200 μmol m-2 s-1 of PPF and 16 hours of photoperiod per Martian day could be supplemented with available solar irradiance on Mars by as much as 33% when using an SICTDS with 40% efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSAE Technical Papers
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000
Event30th International Conference on Environmental Systems - Toulouse, France
Duration: Jul 10 2000Jul 13 2000

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Photons
Fluxes
Radiation
Lighting
Landing
Earth (planet)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) on Mars for advanced life support. / Ono, Eiichi; Cuello, Joel L.

In: SAE Technical Papers, 01.01.2000.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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abstract = "Significant reductions in electrical-power demand as well as in related mass and physical volume might be achieved if available extraterrestrial solar irradiance could be utilized for plant production in a Bioregenerative Life Support System (BLSS) on Mars. Working estimates of the available photosynthetic photon flux (PPF) at Chryse Planitia (22.3° N, 47.9° W), landing site for the Viking Lander 1 (VL-1) on Mars and geographically near the Mars Pathfinder's landing site, were simulated based on the year-long actual irradiance measurements and downward spectral characteristics made by VL-1 in the 1970's. The results showed that the Wm-2 to μmol m2 s-1 conversion factors for Earth and Mars are essentially equal, being approximately 4.6 μmol m-2 s-1/Wm-2. For half of the total sunshine hours at Chryse Planitia for a whole Martian year, the incident PPF level is at least 400 μmol m-2 s. At approximately 7 {\%} of the sunshine hours in a Martian year, however, the PPF level is zero owing to weather factors. Replacing the Martian solar irradiance as gathered by a Solar Irradiance Collection, Transmission and Distribution System (SICTDS) with 40{\%} efficiency would require either 0.1 kW of HPS lighting or 0.16 kW of CWF lighting supplied continuously for 8,235 hrs, which is equivalent to approximately 11.5 Earth months. A plant lighting regime on Mars consisting of 200 μmol m-2 s-1 of PPF and 16 hours of photoperiod per Martian day could be supplemented with available solar irradiance on Mars by as much as 33{\%} when using an SICTDS with 40{\%} efficiency.",
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