Physical activity and cancer survivorship

David O. Garcia, Cynthia Thomson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There has been an increase in the cancer survivor population in the United States over the past several decades primarily due to improvements in early detection of first malignancies and effective treatment modalities. A wealth of evidence has demonstrated that regular physical activity is associated with a lower risk of death, all-cause mortality, cancer recurrence, and several chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, common comorbid conditions in people who have survived cancer. Physical activity also is a central component of weight management. Methods: This review summarizes the current physical activity recommendations and the evidence linking physical activity to improvements in weight management, physiological effects, and psychological health outcomes for cancer survivors. Results: The available literature suggests physical activity is safe and is positively associated with weight management, cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength and endurance, quality of life, fatigue, and other psychosocial factors in cancer survivors. Yet relationships related to specific cancer diagnoses, treatments, and underlying cardiometabolic mechanisms associated with survival have not been thoroughly examined in randomized controlled trials. Furthermore, factors that influence adherence to physical activity behaviors must be identified to develop effective exercise programs. The use of objective measures of physical activity and the standardization of reporting outcome measures within intervention trials are needed to complement this effort. Conclusions: Healthcare providers should consider individual differences among cancer survivors and tailor physical activity programs to meet the individual needs of the patient to assist in the adoption and maintenance of a physically active lifestyle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)768-779
Number of pages12
JournalNutrition in Clinical Practice
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 20 2014

Fingerprint

Survival Rate
Exercise
Neoplasms
Survivors
Weights and Measures
Psychology
Individuality
Health Personnel
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Fatigue
Life Style
Cause of Death
Chronic Disease
Cardiovascular Diseases
Randomized Controlled Trials
Maintenance
Quality of Life
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Recurrence
Survival

Keywords

  • cancer
  • exercise
  • neoplasms
  • obesity
  • survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Physical activity and cancer survivorship. / Garcia, David O.; Thomson, Cynthia.

In: Nutrition in Clinical Practice, Vol. 29, No. 6, 20.12.2014, p. 768-779.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Garcia, David O. ; Thomson, Cynthia. / Physical activity and cancer survivorship. In: Nutrition in Clinical Practice. 2014 ; Vol. 29, No. 6. pp. 768-779.
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