Physical activity as a predictor of body composition in American Indian children

June Stevens, Chirayath Suchindran, Kim Ring, Christopher D. Baggett, Jared B. Jobe, Mary Story, Janice Thompson, Scott B Going, Benjamin Caballero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To examine physical activity in second grade American Indian children as a predictor of percentage body fat 3 years later. Research Methods and Procedures: Physical activity was assessed as average vector magnitude (AVM) counts from an accelerometer in 454 second grade children as part of the Pathways study. BMI was assessed, and skinfolds and bioelectrical impedance were used to estimate fat mass, fat-free body mass, and percentage body fat in validated prediction equations. Associations were examined using mixed models regression controlling for baseline body composition. Results: In normal-weight children, higher AVM counts were significantly associated with decreases in percentage body fat. Among overweight children, higher AVM counts were significantly associated with increases in BMI, fat mass, and fat-free mass but not percentage body fat. Discussion: Higher physical activity levels in second grade were associated with lower levels of percentage body fat in fifth grade in normal-weight but not in overweight children. BMI showed no association with physical activity among normal-weight children, and increases in BMI were associated with increasing amounts of physical activity among overweight children. These findings emphasize the importance of valid body composition measures and may indicate important differences in associations between physical activity and adiposity in normal-weight as compared with overweight children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1974-1980
Number of pages7
JournalObesity Research
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2004

Fingerprint

North American Indians
American Indians
Body Composition
physical activity
body composition
childhood obesity
body fat
Exercise
Adipose Tissue
Fats
Weights and Measures
lipids
bioelectrical impedance
lean body mass
adiposity
research methods
Body Weights and Measures
Adiposity
Electric Impedance
prediction

Keywords

  • Accelerometry
  • BMI
  • Body fat
  • Longitudinal
  • Overweight status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Endocrinology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Stevens, J., Suchindran, C., Ring, K., Baggett, C. D., Jobe, J. B., Story, M., ... Caballero, B. (2004). Physical activity as a predictor of body composition in American Indian children. Obesity Research, 12(12), 1974-1980. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2004.248

Physical activity as a predictor of body composition in American Indian children. / Stevens, June; Suchindran, Chirayath; Ring, Kim; Baggett, Christopher D.; Jobe, Jared B.; Story, Mary; Thompson, Janice; Going, Scott B; Caballero, Benjamin.

In: Obesity Research, Vol. 12, No. 12, 12.2004, p. 1974-1980.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stevens, J, Suchindran, C, Ring, K, Baggett, CD, Jobe, JB, Story, M, Thompson, J, Going, SB & Caballero, B 2004, 'Physical activity as a predictor of body composition in American Indian children', Obesity Research, vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 1974-1980. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2004.248
Stevens J, Suchindran C, Ring K, Baggett CD, Jobe JB, Story M et al. Physical activity as a predictor of body composition in American Indian children. Obesity Research. 2004 Dec;12(12):1974-1980. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2004.248
Stevens, June ; Suchindran, Chirayath ; Ring, Kim ; Baggett, Christopher D. ; Jobe, Jared B. ; Story, Mary ; Thompson, Janice ; Going, Scott B ; Caballero, Benjamin. / Physical activity as a predictor of body composition in American Indian children. In: Obesity Research. 2004 ; Vol. 12, No. 12. pp. 1974-1980.
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