Physical calibration of the LEND space-based neutron telescope: the sensitivity and the angular resolution

I. G. Mitrofanov, F. S. Fedosov, A. B. Sanin, B. N. Bakhtin, William V. Boynton, A. A. Vostrukhin, D. V. Golovin, A. S. Kosyrev, M. L. Litvak, A. V. Malakhov, T. McClanahan, M. I. Mokrousov, I. O. Nuzhdin, R. Starr, V. I. Tretyakov, V. N. Shvetsov, V. V. Shevchenko, K. Harshman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Results of physical calibrations of the LEND neutron telescope operating on board the NASA’s LRO lunar satellite since June 2009 are described. The main goal of the LEND telescope is to measure the epithermal neutron flux in polar areas of the lunar surface with a high (~10 km) resolution with the aim of determining the hydrogen distribution in the lunar regolith and detect the presence of water ice beds at the bottom of permanently shadowed lunar polar craters. The neutron detection efficiency and the effective area of the LEND detectors is experimentally estimated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)578-591
Number of pages14
JournalInstruments and Experimental Techniques
Volume59
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

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angular resolution
Telescopes
Neutrons
lunar satellites
Calibration
telescopes
neutrons
lunar surface
regolith
Neutron flux
sensitivity
flux (rate)
craters
Ice
NASA
beds
ice
Satellites
Detectors
Hydrogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Physical calibration of the LEND space-based neutron telescope : the sensitivity and the angular resolution. / Mitrofanov, I. G.; Fedosov, F. S.; Sanin, A. B.; Bakhtin, B. N.; Boynton, William V.; Vostrukhin, A. A.; Golovin, D. V.; Kosyrev, A. S.; Litvak, M. L.; Malakhov, A. V.; McClanahan, T.; Mokrousov, M. I.; Nuzhdin, I. O.; Starr, R.; Tretyakov, V. I.; Shvetsov, V. N.; Shevchenko, V. V.; Harshman, K.

In: Instruments and Experimental Techniques, Vol. 59, No. 4, 01.07.2016, p. 578-591.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mitrofanov, IG, Fedosov, FS, Sanin, AB, Bakhtin, BN, Boynton, WV, Vostrukhin, AA, Golovin, DV, Kosyrev, AS, Litvak, ML, Malakhov, AV, McClanahan, T, Mokrousov, MI, Nuzhdin, IO, Starr, R, Tretyakov, VI, Shvetsov, VN, Shevchenko, VV & Harshman, K 2016, 'Physical calibration of the LEND space-based neutron telescope: the sensitivity and the angular resolution', Instruments and Experimental Techniques, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 578-591. https://doi.org/10.1134/S0020441216040096
Mitrofanov, I. G. ; Fedosov, F. S. ; Sanin, A. B. ; Bakhtin, B. N. ; Boynton, William V. ; Vostrukhin, A. A. ; Golovin, D. V. ; Kosyrev, A. S. ; Litvak, M. L. ; Malakhov, A. V. ; McClanahan, T. ; Mokrousov, M. I. ; Nuzhdin, I. O. ; Starr, R. ; Tretyakov, V. I. ; Shvetsov, V. N. ; Shevchenko, V. V. ; Harshman, K. / Physical calibration of the LEND space-based neutron telescope : the sensitivity and the angular resolution. In: Instruments and Experimental Techniques. 2016 ; Vol. 59, No. 4. pp. 578-591.
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