Physical properties and H-ionizing-photon production rates of extreme nearby star-forming regions

Jacopo Chevallard, Stéphane Charlot, Peter Senchyna, Daniel P Stark, Alba Vidal-García, Anna Feltre, Julia Gutkin, Tucker Jones, Ramesh Mainali, Aida Wofford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Measurements of the galaxy UV luminosity function at z ≳ 6 suggest that young stars hosted in low-mass star-forming galaxies produced the bulk of hydrogen-ionizing photons necessary to reionize the intergalactic medium (IGM) by redshift z ∼ 6. Whether star-forming galaxies dominated cosmic reionization, however, also depends on their stellar populations and interstellar medium properties, which set, among other things, the production rate of H-ionizing photons, ξ* ion, and the fraction of these escaping into the IGM. Given the difficulty of constraining with existing observatories the physical properties of z ≳ 6 galaxies, in this work we focus on a sample of 10 nearby objects showing UV spectral features comparable to those observed at z ≳ 6. We use the new-generation BEAGLE tool to model the UV-to-optical photometry and UV/optical emission lines of these local 'analogues' of high-redshift galaxies, finding that our relatively simple, yet fully self-consistent, physical model can successfully reproduce the different observables considered. Our galaxies span a broad range of metallicities and are characterized by high ionization parameters, low dust attenuation, and very young stellar populations. Through our analysis, we derive a novel diagnostic of the production rate of H-ionizing photons per unit UV luminosity, ξ* ion, based on the equivalent width of the bright [O III] λλ4959,5007 line doublet, which does not require measurements of H-recombination lines. This new diagnostic can be used to estimate ξ* ion ion from future direct measurements of the [OIII] λλ4959,5007 line using JWST/NIRSpec (out to z ∼ 9.5), and by exploiting the contamination by H, ß + [O III] λλ4959,5007 of photometric observations of distant galaxies, for instance from existing Spitzer/IRAC data and from future ones with JWST/NIRCam.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3264-3273
Number of pages10
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume479
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 21 2018

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physical property
physical properties
galaxies
stars
ion
photons
James Webb Space Telescope
intergalactic media
young population
ions
recombination
luminosity
ionization
observatory
hydrogen
dust
rate
metallicity
photometry
light emission

Keywords

  • Dark ages
  • First stars
  • Galaxies: dwarf
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: ism
  • H ii regions
  • Methods: data analysis
  • Reionization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Physical properties and H-ionizing-photon production rates of extreme nearby star-forming regions. / Chevallard, Jacopo; Charlot, Stéphane; Senchyna, Peter; Stark, Daniel P; Vidal-García, Alba; Feltre, Anna; Gutkin, Julia; Jones, Tucker; Mainali, Ramesh; Wofford, Aida.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 479, No. 3, 21.09.2018, p. 3264-3273.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chevallard, J, Charlot, S, Senchyna, P, Stark, DP, Vidal-García, A, Feltre, A, Gutkin, J, Jones, T, Mainali, R & Wofford, A 2018, 'Physical properties and H-ionizing-photon production rates of extreme nearby star-forming regions', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 479, no. 3, pp. 3264-3273. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/sty1461
Chevallard, Jacopo ; Charlot, Stéphane ; Senchyna, Peter ; Stark, Daniel P ; Vidal-García, Alba ; Feltre, Anna ; Gutkin, Julia ; Jones, Tucker ; Mainali, Ramesh ; Wofford, Aida. / Physical properties and H-ionizing-photon production rates of extreme nearby star-forming regions. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2018 ; Vol. 479, No. 3. pp. 3264-3273.
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AU - Vidal-García, Alba

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AB - Measurements of the galaxy UV luminosity function at z ≳ 6 suggest that young stars hosted in low-mass star-forming galaxies produced the bulk of hydrogen-ionizing photons necessary to reionize the intergalactic medium (IGM) by redshift z ∼ 6. Whether star-forming galaxies dominated cosmic reionization, however, also depends on their stellar populations and interstellar medium properties, which set, among other things, the production rate of H-ionizing photons, ξ* ion, and the fraction of these escaping into the IGM. Given the difficulty of constraining with existing observatories the physical properties of z ≳ 6 galaxies, in this work we focus on a sample of 10 nearby objects showing UV spectral features comparable to those observed at z ≳ 6. We use the new-generation BEAGLE tool to model the UV-to-optical photometry and UV/optical emission lines of these local 'analogues' of high-redshift galaxies, finding that our relatively simple, yet fully self-consistent, physical model can successfully reproduce the different observables considered. Our galaxies span a broad range of metallicities and are characterized by high ionization parameters, low dust attenuation, and very young stellar populations. Through our analysis, we derive a novel diagnostic of the production rate of H-ionizing photons per unit UV luminosity, ξ* ion, based on the equivalent width of the bright [O III] λλ4959,5007 line doublet, which does not require measurements of H-recombination lines. This new diagnostic can be used to estimate ξ* ion ion from future direct measurements of the [OIII] λλ4959,5007 line using JWST/NIRSpec (out to z ∼ 9.5), and by exploiting the contamination by H, ß + [O III] λλ4959,5007 of photometric observations of distant galaxies, for instance from existing Spitzer/IRAC data and from future ones with JWST/NIRCam.

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