Physical working capacity after acute myocardial infarction in patients with low ejection fraction and effect of captopril

L. Howard Hartley, Greg Flaker, Lofty Basta, Frank Menapace, Steven Goldman, Barry Davis, Peggy Hamm, Gervasio Lamas, Lemuel Moye, Chuan Chuan Wun, Marc Pfeffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have reported conflicting results on the effects of angiotensin-converring enzyme inhibition on physical working capacity. In an effort to provide more insight into this subject, we examined the effects of captopril on working capacity of patients who had low ejection fractions but no congestive heart failure after AMI. One hundred sixty-six participants were recruited from 5 centers after randomization to either captopril or placebo for the Survival and Ventricular Enlargement study. Upright cycle ergometer tests were performed with continuous measurements of respiratory gases at 4, 12, and 24 months after AMI. Our study concurs with 2 of 3 previous post-AMI studies and supports the conclusion that working capacity is not affected by angio-tensin-converring enzyme inhibition at 4 or 12 months after AMI in patients without congestive heart failure. In addition, no significant effect of captopril was noted at 24 months after AMI. Peak oxygen uptake tended to decrease between 12 and 24 months in the placebo group by an average (± SD) of -22 ± 322 ml/min (n = 66), but to increase in the captopril group (+62 ± 289, n = 57), a difference that was significant (Mann-Whitney chi-square, p = 0.02). This post-hoc observation suggests that a late beneficial effect may have been masked by inadequate study duration. Known benefits of captopril appear not to include an increase in working capacity within the first 24 months after AMI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)857-860
Number of pages4
JournalThe American Journal of Cardiology
Volume76
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Hartley, L. H., Flaker, G., Basta, L., Menapace, F., Goldman, S., Davis, B., Hamm, P., Lamas, G., Moye, L., Wun, C. C., & Pfeffer, M. (1995). Physical working capacity after acute myocardial infarction in patients with low ejection fraction and effect of captopril. The American Journal of Cardiology, 76(12), 857-860. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-9149(99)80249-5