Physiological responses of cucumber seedlings under different blue and red photon flux ratios using LEDs

R. Hernández, Chieri Kubota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

182 Scopus citations

Abstract

Light emitting diodes (LEDs) are frequently regarded as a new light source for the production of horticultural crops under closed-type conditions. However, before use of LEDs as the sole source of light can be advanced, plant responses to light quality have to be investigated for important horticultural plants. The objective of the present study was to evaluate cucumber (Cucumis sativus) seedlings physiological responses to different blue (B) and red (R) photon flux (PF) ratios using LEDs. Cucumber seedlings (cv. Cumlaude) were grown in a growth chamber until the second true leaf stage (17 days) with LED lighting and 18-h photoperiod. The treatments consisted of 100 μmolm-2s-1 photosynthetic photon flux (PPF) with B:R PF ratios of 0B:100R%, 10B:90R%, 30B:70R%, 50B:50R%, 75B:25R%, 100B:0R%. Another treatment consisted of B, green (G) and R PF ratio of 20B:28G:52R%. Peak wavelengths of LEDs were 455nm (B) and 661nm (R) for the in the B:R treatments and 473nm (B), 532nm (G), 660nm (R) in the B:G:R treatment. Hypocotyl length decreased with the increase of B PF up to the 75B:25R% treatment. Hypocotyl length in the 0B:100R% treatment was 164% greater than in the 75B:25R treatment. Plants under the 100B:0R% treatment had unexpected greater plant height, hypocotyl, and epicotyl length than plants under all other treatments. For example, the hypocotyl length under the 100B:0R% was 69% greater than in the 0B:100R treatment and 346% greater than in the 75B:25R% treatment. Leaf area decreased with the increase of B PF when plants were irradiated with the combination of B and R PF. The response of leaf area under the 100B:0R% treatment was unexpected since plants in the 100B:0R% treatment had 48% greater leaf area than plants in the 75B:25R% treatment. Chlorophyll content per leaf area, net photosynthetic rate, and stomatal conductance increased with the increase of B PF. Shoot dry and fresh mass decreased with the increase of B PF when plants were irradiated with the combination of B and R PF. Plants under 0B:100R% had the lowest dry and fresh mass from all the treatments and plants under 100B:0R% showed the greatest fresh mass from all the treatments and equal dry mass as the plants under 10B:90R% treatment. The addition of G PF to the spectrum did not have any influence in cucumber plant responses. For cucumber seedlings, morphological responses influenced plant growth since B PF responses in growth parameters (i.e., dry mass) closely matched those in morphological parameter (i.e., leaf area). More research is needed to find the optimal spectrum for the growth and development of horticultural crops under sole source electrical lighting such as LEDs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)66-74
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental and Experimental Botany
Volume121
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Blue light
  • Cucumis sativus
  • Dose-response
  • Dry mass
  • Light emitting diode

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Plant Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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