Piercing the glare: A direct imaging search for planets in the Sirius system

C. Thalmann, T. Usuda, M. Kenworthy, M. Janson, E. E. Mamajek, W. Brandner, C. Dominik, M. Goto, Y. Hayano, T. Henning, P. M. Hinz, Y. Minowa, M. Tamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Astrometric monitoring of the Sirius binary system over the past century has yielded several predictions for an unseen third system component, the most recent one suggesting a ≲50 MJup object in a ∼6.3 year orbit around Sirius A. Here we present two epochs of high-contrast imaging observations performed with Subaru IRCS and AO188 in the 4.05 μm narrowband Br α filter. These data surpass previous observations by an order of magnitude in detectable companion mass, allowing us to probe the relevant separation range down to the planetary-mass regime (6-12 MJup at 1″, 2-4 MJup at 2″, and 1.6 MJup beyond 4″). We complement these data with one epoch of M-band observations from MMT/AO Clio, which reach comparable performance. No data set reveals any companion candidates above the 5σ level, allowing us to refute the existence of Sirius C as suggested by the previous astrometric analysis. Furthermore, our Br α photometry of Sirius B confirms the lack of an infrared excess beyond the white dwarf's blackbody spectrum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL34
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume732
Issue number2 PART II
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2011

Keywords

  • planetary systems
  • stars: individual (Sirius A, Sirius B)
  • techniques: high angular resolution
  • white dwarfs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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