Pituitary response to thyrotropin, corticotropin, and gonadotropin-releasing hormones in lactating cows treated with sometribove for a fourth consecutive lactation

F. A. Adriaens, D. L. Hard, M. A. Miller, R. H. Phipps, R. H. Sorbet, R. L. Hintz, R. J. Collier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of chronic treatment with recombinant methionyl bovine somatotropin (USAN, sometribove) on anterior pituitary secretions and its target organs was investigated in six control and six sometribove-treated British Friesian cows. Cows averaged 112 and 119 d postpartum in their fourth lactation of treatment and, except for one control, had active corpora lutea. During each lactation, treated cows received sometribove injections (500 mg) every 2 wk (injection cycle) starting 60 ± 3 d postpartum. On Day 9 of one injection cycle, blood was sampled for 390 min, starting 30 min before an intravenous injection of thyrotropin (TRH, 0.33 μg/kg), corticotropin (100 μg), and gonadotropin (GnRH, 200 μg)-releasing hormones. Baseline somatotropin (bST) and adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) were higher in sometribove-treated cows vs. controls (3.27 vs. 1.03 ng/ml and 35.24 vs. 19.28 pg/ml, respectively). Baseline total thyroxine, free thyroxine, triiodothyronine, prolactin, follicle stimulating and luteinizing hormones, estradiol, and progesterone (P4) were similar across treatments. Circulating cortisol levels did not differ between control and sometribove cows, indicating a reduced adrenal ACTH responsiveness in the latter. Releasing factors induced similar changes across treatments in hormones studied with the following exceptions: a bST spike was seen in control cows only, cortisol response to ACTH was reduced in treated cows, and a significantly higher P4 concentration was detected in the plasma of sometribove-treated cows, suggesting increased ovarian responsiveness to GnRH-stimulated P4 output. The study demonstrated reduced bST response to TRH, consistent with physiologic feedback mechanisms, whereas the release profiles of the other pituitary hormones were unaffected. Target tissue responses affected by chronic sometribove treatment appear to be adrenal cortisol and ovarian P4 output.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-316
Number of pages16
JournalDomestic Animal Endocrinology
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Endocrinology

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