Place learning in virtual space I

Acquisition, overshadowing, and transfer

William J Jacobs, Holly E. Laurance, Kevin G F Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three experiments showed that, in virtual space, humans learn to find an invisible target that remains in a fixed location relative to distal cues. Experiment 1 showed that people rapidly learned to locate an invisible target in a computer-generated virtual arena. Participants searched the appropriate place intensely when, on a probe trial, the target was removed. Experiment 2 showed that two groups of participants, one with a visible and one with an invisible target, learned to locate the target in the virtual arena. A probe trial, during which the target was removed, showed that participants from both groups searched the former location of the target in the virtual arena, suggesting the presence of proximal cues did not interfere with place learning. Experiment 3 showed that, following place learning, people directly approach the location of the invisible target from novel start positions. The data were discussed in terms of spatial learning and memory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)521-541
Number of pages21
JournalLearning and Motivation
Volume28
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 1997

Fingerprint

Cues
Learning
experiment
learning
Group
Transfer (Psychology)
Spatial Learning
Spatial Memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

Place learning in virtual space I : Acquisition, overshadowing, and transfer. / Jacobs, William J; Laurance, Holly E.; Thomas, Kevin G F.

In: Learning and Motivation, Vol. 28, No. 4, 11.1997, p. 521-541.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jacobs, William J ; Laurance, Holly E. ; Thomas, Kevin G F. / Place learning in virtual space I : Acquisition, overshadowing, and transfer. In: Learning and Motivation. 1997 ; Vol. 28, No. 4. pp. 521-541.
@article{dad5895b3d864e98b23a6f5f1e93dcea,
title = "Place learning in virtual space I: Acquisition, overshadowing, and transfer",
abstract = "Three experiments showed that, in virtual space, humans learn to find an invisible target that remains in a fixed location relative to distal cues. Experiment 1 showed that people rapidly learned to locate an invisible target in a computer-generated virtual arena. Participants searched the appropriate place intensely when, on a probe trial, the target was removed. Experiment 2 showed that two groups of participants, one with a visible and one with an invisible target, learned to locate the target in the virtual arena. A probe trial, during which the target was removed, showed that participants from both groups searched the former location of the target in the virtual arena, suggesting the presence of proximal cues did not interfere with place learning. Experiment 3 showed that, following place learning, people directly approach the location of the invisible target from novel start positions. The data were discussed in terms of spatial learning and memory.",
author = "Jacobs, {William J} and Laurance, {Holly E.} and Thomas, {Kevin G F}",
year = "1997",
month = "11",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "28",
pages = "521--541",
journal = "Learning and Motivation",
issn = "0023-9690",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Place learning in virtual space I

T2 - Acquisition, overshadowing, and transfer

AU - Jacobs, William J

AU - Laurance, Holly E.

AU - Thomas, Kevin G F

PY - 1997/11

Y1 - 1997/11

N2 - Three experiments showed that, in virtual space, humans learn to find an invisible target that remains in a fixed location relative to distal cues. Experiment 1 showed that people rapidly learned to locate an invisible target in a computer-generated virtual arena. Participants searched the appropriate place intensely when, on a probe trial, the target was removed. Experiment 2 showed that two groups of participants, one with a visible and one with an invisible target, learned to locate the target in the virtual arena. A probe trial, during which the target was removed, showed that participants from both groups searched the former location of the target in the virtual arena, suggesting the presence of proximal cues did not interfere with place learning. Experiment 3 showed that, following place learning, people directly approach the location of the invisible target from novel start positions. The data were discussed in terms of spatial learning and memory.

AB - Three experiments showed that, in virtual space, humans learn to find an invisible target that remains in a fixed location relative to distal cues. Experiment 1 showed that people rapidly learned to locate an invisible target in a computer-generated virtual arena. Participants searched the appropriate place intensely when, on a probe trial, the target was removed. Experiment 2 showed that two groups of participants, one with a visible and one with an invisible target, learned to locate the target in the virtual arena. A probe trial, during which the target was removed, showed that participants from both groups searched the former location of the target in the virtual arena, suggesting the presence of proximal cues did not interfere with place learning. Experiment 3 showed that, following place learning, people directly approach the location of the invisible target from novel start positions. The data were discussed in terms of spatial learning and memory.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031281553&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031281553&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 521

EP - 541

JO - Learning and Motivation

JF - Learning and Motivation

SN - 0023-9690

IS - 4

ER -