Plant-based antimicrobials inactivate Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella enterica on melons grown in different regions of the United States

Libin Zhu, Qi Wei, Martin Porchas, Paul Brierley, Mendel Friedman, Kevin Crosby, Bhimanagouda Patil, Sadhana Ravishankar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The efficacy of plant-based antimicrobials against Salmonella Newport and Listeria monocytogenes on melon rinds was evaluated. Four cantaloupe and 3 honeydew melon varieties grown in Georgia, Arizona, Texas, North Carolina, Indiana and California were tested. Melon rinds (10 g pieces) were inoculated with 5–6 log CFU/10 g rind of S. Newport or L. monocytogenes. Samples were then immersed in 5 % olive extract or 0.5 % oregano oil antimicrobial solution and gently agitated for 2 min. Samples were stored at 4 °C and surviving populations of both bacteria were enumerated at days 0 and 3. Plant-based antimicrobials reduced S. Newport and L. monocytogenes population on all rind samples, regardless of the melon types, varieties or growing locations. Compared to the control, antimicrobial treatments caused up to 3.6 and 4.0 log reductions in populations of Salmonella and L. monocytogenes, respectively. In most cases, plant-based antimicrobial treatments reduced pathogen populations to below the detection limit (1 log CFU/g) at day 3. In general, oregano oil had better antimicrobial activity than olive extract and the antimicrobial treatments were more effective on Salmonella than on L. monocytogenes. The plant-based antimicrobial treatments exhibited better microbial reductions on honeydews than on cantaloupes. These antimicrobials could potentially be used as sanitizers for decontaminating melons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103876
JournalFood Microbiology
Volume101
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • Melon rinds
  • Olive extract
  • Oregano oil
  • Plant-based antimicrobials
  • Salmonella enterica

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Microbiology

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