Plastid Endosymbiosis. Sources and Timing of the Major Events.

Jeremiah Hackett, Hwan Su Yoon, Nicholas J. Butterfield, Michael Sanderson, Debashish Bhattacharya

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This chapter reviews the current ideas regarding the origin of plastids in eukaryotes and the timing of these events, with particular emphasis on the initial source of eukaryotic photosynthesis. First, a general introduction is provided on plastid endosymbiosis. The currently available evidence suggests that a single primary endosymbiosis gave rise to the Plantae, comprising the glaucophytes, red algae, and Viridiplantae. The chapter looks in detail at the evidence regarding the source and timing of the plastids that have resulted from primary, secondary, and tertiary endosymbiosis. The greatest attention is paid to the primary endosymbiosis. Primary plastid's origin and Plantae monophyly are discussed in detail. The unique and relatively late appearance of photosynthetic eukaryotes has important implications for understanding the early biosphere and its fossil record. Nuclear phylogeny supports the monophyly of photosynthetic eukaryotes containing a primary plastid, and molecular clock estimates provide a timeline for reconstructing the early evolutionary history of the Plantae. Together with the fossil and geochemical records, these data provide an increasingly resolved view of early eukaryotic photosynthesis and, by extension, important features in evolutionary and Earth history. Plastid endosymbiosis has clearly been a driving force in eukaryotic evolution and instrumental to the success of many eukaryotic groups and has influenced the evolution of other organisms that utilize these organisms for food or habitat. Ongoing studies of Paulinella may shed light on the early stages of primary endosymbiosis, a process that has profoundly impacted evolution of life on Earth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEvolution of Primary Producers in the Sea
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages109-132
Number of pages24
ISBN (Print)9780123705181
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Plastids
Symbiosis
symbiosis
plastids
Plantae
Eukaryota
eukaryotic cells
Photosynthesis
monophyly
fossils
History
photosynthesis
Viridiplantae
Rhodophyta
history
organisms
Phylogeny
Ecosystem
Food
phylogeny

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Hackett, J., Su Yoon, H., Butterfield, N. J., Sanderson, M., & Bhattacharya, D. (2007). Plastid Endosymbiosis. Sources and Timing of the Major Events. In Evolution of Primary Producers in the Sea (pp. 109-132). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012370518-1/50008-4

Plastid Endosymbiosis. Sources and Timing of the Major Events. / Hackett, Jeremiah; Su Yoon, Hwan; Butterfield, Nicholas J.; Sanderson, Michael; Bhattacharya, Debashish.

Evolution of Primary Producers in the Sea. Elsevier Inc., 2007. p. 109-132.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Hackett, J, Su Yoon, H, Butterfield, NJ, Sanderson, M & Bhattacharya, D 2007, Plastid Endosymbiosis. Sources and Timing of the Major Events. in Evolution of Primary Producers in the Sea. Elsevier Inc., pp. 109-132. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012370518-1/50008-4
Hackett J, Su Yoon H, Butterfield NJ, Sanderson M, Bhattacharya D. Plastid Endosymbiosis. Sources and Timing of the Major Events. In Evolution of Primary Producers in the Sea. Elsevier Inc. 2007. p. 109-132 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012370518-1/50008-4
Hackett, Jeremiah ; Su Yoon, Hwan ; Butterfield, Nicholas J. ; Sanderson, Michael ; Bhattacharya, Debashish. / Plastid Endosymbiosis. Sources and Timing of the Major Events. Evolution of Primary Producers in the Sea. Elsevier Inc., 2007. pp. 109-132
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