Platelet-rich plasma plays an antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and cell proliferation-promoting role in an in vitro model for diabetic infected wounds

Tao Li, Yu Ma, Min Wang, Tao Wang, Jing Wei, Rui Ren, Min He, Guixue Wang, Johnson Boey, David G Armstrong, Wuquan Deng, Bing Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: This study was designed to examine the potential mechanism underlying these roles of platelet-rich plasma in treating diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). Methods: Staphylococcus aureus and HaCaT were co-cultured under high glucose conditions to serve as an in vitro model for infected cells in DFUs. Platelet-rich gel (PRG) or extract liquid of platelet-rich gel (EPG) were used to interfere with the model to observe the growth of HaCaT cells and S. aureus, and the effect of miR-21 changes in HaCaT cells on PDCD4, NF-κB activity and related inflammatory factors. Results: Incubation of HaCaT cells with S. aureus promoted the decline of cell proliferation. Under this condition, the level of PDCD4 and the activity of NF-κB were increased in HaCaT cells with concomitant increased of IL-6, TNF-α and decreased IL-10, TGF-β1 in cultured supernatant. Both of PRG and EPG exhibited specific anti-S. aureus activity where they protect HaCaT cells from bacterial damage and promote cell proliferation. Meanwhile, EPG was observed to increase intracellular miRNA-21 while reduce PDCD4 expression and inhibit NF-κB activity to suppress the inflammation in HaCaT cells. Conclusion: This in vitro model provides a valuable tool for study of wound healing in the treatment of DFUs. Our results suggest that miRNA-21 may regulate the expression of NF-κB through PDCD4 where it plays an anti-inflammatory role and promote proliferation in infected DFUs treated by PRP. These findings could provide novel therapeutic targets for refractory wounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-309
Number of pages13
JournalInfection and Drug Resistance
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antibacterial
  • Cell proliferation-promoting
  • Diabetic infected wound
  • Platelet-rich plasma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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