Playa archaeology on the southern high plains of Texas: A spatial analysis of Hunter-Gatherer occupations at Tahoka-Walker (41LY53)

Stance Hurst, Eileen Johnson, Vance T Holliday, Sophie Butler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tahoka-Walker (41LY53) is a multi-component Paleoindian and Late Archaic campsite located along the margins of a playa near the town of Tahoka on the Southern High Plains of Texas. Three discrete concentrations of artifacts observed while mapping the surface distribution of artifacts suggest separate activity areas. A spatial analysis of the distribution oflithic artifacts by their raw material source and minimum analytical nodule is undertaken to determine if a separate Paleoindian and Late Archaic occupation could be distinguished. In addition, minimum analytical nodules are used to deduce the technological planning strategies evident at Tahoka-Walker. A spatial analysis of hearthstones and bone scrap are used to compare with the distribution oflithic artifact clusters. Spatial analysis confirms the presence of three distinct areas that coincide with the three concentrations noted in the field. One is an activity area associated with a Paleoindian occupation, but Late Archaic activities overlap the Paleoindian activity area in extent, and cannot be distinguished spatially. Information recovered from the piece-point plotted surface artifacts holds great potential for spatial analysis, but investigating the spatial structure of the site is critical for determining what types of cultural inferences can be made about the site.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-214
Number of pages20
JournalPlains Anthropologist
Volume55
Issue number215
StatePublished - Aug 2010

Fingerprint

archaeology
artifact
occupation
planning conception
raw materials
town

Keywords

  • Late Archaic
  • Minimum analytical nodule analysis
  • Paleoindian
  • Southern High Plains
  • Surface archaeology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology

Cite this

Playa archaeology on the southern high plains of Texas : A spatial analysis of Hunter-Gatherer occupations at Tahoka-Walker (41LY53). / Hurst, Stance; Johnson, Eileen; Holliday, Vance T; Butler, Sophie.

In: Plains Anthropologist, Vol. 55, No. 215, 08.2010, p. 195-214.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{fab2883aeab54e948f11b1a0043f561f,
title = "Playa archaeology on the southern high plains of Texas: A spatial analysis of Hunter-Gatherer occupations at Tahoka-Walker (41LY53)",
abstract = "Tahoka-Walker (41LY53) is a multi-component Paleoindian and Late Archaic campsite located along the margins of a playa near the town of Tahoka on the Southern High Plains of Texas. Three discrete concentrations of artifacts observed while mapping the surface distribution of artifacts suggest separate activity areas. A spatial analysis of the distribution oflithic artifacts by their raw material source and minimum analytical nodule is undertaken to determine if a separate Paleoindian and Late Archaic occupation could be distinguished. In addition, minimum analytical nodules are used to deduce the technological planning strategies evident at Tahoka-Walker. A spatial analysis of hearthstones and bone scrap are used to compare with the distribution oflithic artifact clusters. Spatial analysis confirms the presence of three distinct areas that coincide with the three concentrations noted in the field. One is an activity area associated with a Paleoindian occupation, but Late Archaic activities overlap the Paleoindian activity area in extent, and cannot be distinguished spatially. Information recovered from the piece-point plotted surface artifacts holds great potential for spatial analysis, but investigating the spatial structure of the site is critical for determining what types of cultural inferences can be made about the site.",
keywords = "Late Archaic, Minimum analytical nodule analysis, Paleoindian, Southern High Plains, Surface archaeology",
author = "Stance Hurst and Eileen Johnson and Holliday, {Vance T} and Sophie Butler",
year = "2010",
month = "8",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "55",
pages = "195--214",
journal = "Plains Anthropologist",
issn = "0032-0447",
publisher = "Plains Anthropological Society",
number = "215",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Playa archaeology on the southern high plains of Texas

T2 - A spatial analysis of Hunter-Gatherer occupations at Tahoka-Walker (41LY53)

AU - Hurst, Stance

AU - Johnson, Eileen

AU - Holliday, Vance T

AU - Butler, Sophie

PY - 2010/8

Y1 - 2010/8

N2 - Tahoka-Walker (41LY53) is a multi-component Paleoindian and Late Archaic campsite located along the margins of a playa near the town of Tahoka on the Southern High Plains of Texas. Three discrete concentrations of artifacts observed while mapping the surface distribution of artifacts suggest separate activity areas. A spatial analysis of the distribution oflithic artifacts by their raw material source and minimum analytical nodule is undertaken to determine if a separate Paleoindian and Late Archaic occupation could be distinguished. In addition, minimum analytical nodules are used to deduce the technological planning strategies evident at Tahoka-Walker. A spatial analysis of hearthstones and bone scrap are used to compare with the distribution oflithic artifact clusters. Spatial analysis confirms the presence of three distinct areas that coincide with the three concentrations noted in the field. One is an activity area associated with a Paleoindian occupation, but Late Archaic activities overlap the Paleoindian activity area in extent, and cannot be distinguished spatially. Information recovered from the piece-point plotted surface artifacts holds great potential for spatial analysis, but investigating the spatial structure of the site is critical for determining what types of cultural inferences can be made about the site.

AB - Tahoka-Walker (41LY53) is a multi-component Paleoindian and Late Archaic campsite located along the margins of a playa near the town of Tahoka on the Southern High Plains of Texas. Three discrete concentrations of artifacts observed while mapping the surface distribution of artifacts suggest separate activity areas. A spatial analysis of the distribution oflithic artifacts by their raw material source and minimum analytical nodule is undertaken to determine if a separate Paleoindian and Late Archaic occupation could be distinguished. In addition, minimum analytical nodules are used to deduce the technological planning strategies evident at Tahoka-Walker. A spatial analysis of hearthstones and bone scrap are used to compare with the distribution oflithic artifact clusters. Spatial analysis confirms the presence of three distinct areas that coincide with the three concentrations noted in the field. One is an activity area associated with a Paleoindian occupation, but Late Archaic activities overlap the Paleoindian activity area in extent, and cannot be distinguished spatially. Information recovered from the piece-point plotted surface artifacts holds great potential for spatial analysis, but investigating the spatial structure of the site is critical for determining what types of cultural inferences can be made about the site.

KW - Late Archaic

KW - Minimum analytical nodule analysis

KW - Paleoindian

KW - Southern High Plains

KW - Surface archaeology

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84873676461&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84873676461&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84873676461

VL - 55

SP - 195

EP - 214

JO - Plains Anthropologist

JF - Plains Anthropologist

SN - 0032-0447

IS - 215

ER -