The propagation and imaging of polarized light through optical systems described by a polarization aberration expansion is treated by combining a scalar operator calculus with the Jones calculus. The martrix-operator framework provides a means for handling diffraction and propagation in optical systems containing polarization aberrations. An expansion for the polarization aberration function of an optical system, similar to the expansion of the wavefront aberration function into defocus, tilt, piston, and higher-order terms, is analysed. These polarization aberration terms introduce phase changes in the diffraction image proportional to the first and second derivatives of the non-polarization aberrated image structure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics