We report time-resolved degenerate four-wave-mixing experiments on a high-quality single GaAs quantum well. The signals for parallel and cross-polarized exciting pulses show pronounced quantum beats with different frequencies corresponding to the heavy/light-hole splitting and the biexciton binding energy, respectively. Comparison of the experimental data with solutions of the optical Bloch equations for a phenomenological model system shows that these features result from strong contributions of the biexcitonic state. The importance of biexcitons to the nonlinear coherent response of the two-dimension exciton is further confirmed by the frequency dependence of the time-integrated four-wave-mixing signal amplitudes measured for the two polarization geometries.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics