Polarized light imaging of the HD 142527 transition disk with the Gemini Planet Imager: Dust around the close-in companion

Timothy J. Rodigas, Katherine B. Follette, Alycia Weinberger, Laird Close, Dean C. Hines

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

When giant planets form, they grow by accreting gas and dust. HD 142527 is a young star that offers a scaled-up view of this process. It has a broad, asymmetric ring of gas and dust beyond ∼100 AU and a wide inner gap. Within the gap, a low-mass stellar companion orbits the primary star at just ∼12 AU, and both the primary and secondary are accreting gas. In an attempt to directly detect the dusty counterpart to this accreted gas, we have observed HD 142527 with the Gemini Planet Imager in polarized light at Y band (0.95-1.14 μm). We clearly detect the companion in total intensity and show that its position and photometry are generally consistent with the expected values. We also detect a point source in polarized light that may be spatially separated by ∼ a few AU from the location of the companion in total intensity. This suggests that dust is likely falling onto or orbiting the companion. Given the possible contribution of scattered light from this dust to previously reported photometry of the companion, the current mass limits should be viewed as upper limits only. If the dust near the companion is eventually confirmed to be spatially separated, this system would resemble a scaled-up version of the young planetary system inside the gap of the transition disk around LkCa 15.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL37
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume791
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 20 2014

Keywords

  • circumstellar matter
  • instrumentation: adaptive optics
  • planetary systems
  • stars: individual (HD 142527)
  • techniques: high angular resolution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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