Poor absorption of high-dose posaconazole in pediatric bone marrow transplant patients

Kathryn R. Matthias Dr., David E. Nix, Charles A. Peloquin, Michael L. Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of high-dose posaconazole in 2 pediatric patients who received bone marrow transplant (BMT) and highlight concerns regarding posaconazole absorption. CASE SUMMARY: We present 2 pediatric BMT patients in whom prescribed high doses of posaconazole (120-300 mg/kg/day for >3 months) provided serum concentrations less than 1 μg/mL. Both patients received posaconazole with other antifungal therapy and surgical debridement for Rhizopus spp. infections after allogeneic BMTs. Various alternative dosing strategies to potentially enhance posaconazole absorption to increase serum concentrations were attempted, including higher daily doses, frequent or continuous oral administration via feeding tube, use of enteral nutrition, and limiting use of acid-blocking agents. During highdose therapy, frequent posaconazole serum concentration measurement and other monitoring techniques, such as continuous telemetry, were used. While the fungal infections resolved in both patients and no serious adverse effects could be attributed to high-dose posaconazole administration, posaconazole therapy may have contributed to nausea and vomiting in 1 of the patients. DISCUSSION: These 2 cases describe complex circumstances, with several reasons that may have affected the patients' posaconazole serum concentrations. Both patients received significantly higher doses than those recommended in the posaconazole prescribing information, but potentially serious adverse events were not observed since serum concentration measurements were rarely more than 0.5 μg/mL. CONCLUSIONS: The safety of high-dose posaconazole therapy was not determined in these 2 patients. However, given that limited alternative therapy options are available for severely ill patients with suspected posaconazole malabsorption, research regarding dosing strategies should be considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e22
JournalAnnals of Pharmacotherapy
Volume46
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012

Keywords

  • Absorption
  • Bone marrow transplant
  • Mucormycosis
  • Posaconazole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Poor absorption of high-dose posaconazole in pediatric bone marrow transplant patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this