Population-based exposure measurements in Arizona: A phase I field study in support of the National Human Exposure Assessment Survey

M. D. Lebowitz, M. K. O'Rourke, S. Gordon, D. J. Moschandreas, T. Buckley, M. Nishioka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this proposed Phase I field study is to determine the distributions of total human exposures to multimedia pollutants in the classes of metals, pesticides, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). This will be achieved by studying a proportion-based sample of the total population in Arizona with a nested design for the different stages of sampling. Specific objectives are: (1) to document the occurrence, distribution, and determinants of total exposures in the general population; (2) to characterize the 90th percentiles of total exposures to each pollutant; (3) to monitor geographic and temporal trends of the multimedia exposures; (4) to evaluate the different media, personal, time-activity, and geographical factors that contribute to current total exposure; (5) to evaluate biomarkers in blood and urine for the target pollutants; (6) to perform evaluations of relationships between exposure reports, environmental measurements, and biomarkers of the target pollutants; (7) to predict total exposures; and (8) to assess total exposures in minority and disadvantaged subsets of the population. The latter is particularly feasible in Arizona due to the large proportions of such population subgroups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-325
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology
Volume5
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Toxicology
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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