Population density and spatial pattern of sclerotia of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in desert lettuce production fields

Periasamy Chitrampalam, Barry M. Pryor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Soil population densities and spatial patterns of sclerotia produced by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum were determined in six commercial lettuce production fields with varying histories of lettuce drop in Yuma County, AZ. Each field was divided into eight approximate equal sections and in each section, a plot (10 × 20 m) was randomly selected for soil sampling. Soil cores were collected along both diagonals at 2 m intervals in each plot and sclerotia populations were determined by wet sieving. The average soil sclerotia population per plot ranged from 0.0 to 5.8/100 g soil. The highest and the lowest percent of individual soil samples with ≥ 1 sclerotia/100 g soil per plot were 63% and 7%, respectively. Three indices of dispersions-variance/mean, Morisitas index and Lloyds index-calculated for each of the six fields indicated that sclerotia distributions were aggregated. However, in none of the fields could the sclerotia distributions be adequately described by the Poisson, negative binomial or Neyman type A distributions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)494-502
Number of pages9
JournalCanadian Journal of Plant Pathology
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013

Keywords

  • lettuce drop
  • sampling strategy
  • sclerotia distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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