Portal drained visceral flux, hepatic metabolism, and mammary uptake of free and peptide-bound amino acids and milk amino acid output in dairy cows fed diets containing corn grain steam flaked at 360 or steam rolled at 490 g/L

H. Tagari, K. Webb, B. Theurer, T. Huber, D. DeYoung, P. Cuneo, J. E.P. Santos, J. Simas, M. Sadik, A. Alio, O. Lozano, A. Delgado-Elorduy, L. Nussio, C. Nussio, F. Santos

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15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives were to measure net fluxes of free (FAA) and peptide bound amino acids (AA) (PBAA) across portal-drained viscera (PDV), liver, splanchnic, and mammary tissues, and of milk AA output of lactating Holstein cows (n = 6, 109 ± 9 d in milk) as influenced by flaking density of corn grain. Cows were fed alfalfa-based total mixed ration (TMR) containing 40% steam-flaked (SFC) or steam-rolled corn (SRC) grain. The TMR were offered at 12-h intervals in a crossover design. Six sets of blood samples were obtained from indwelling catheters in portal, hepatic, and mammary veins and mesenteric or costoabdominal arteries every 2 h from each cow and diet. Intake of dry matter (18.4 ± 0.4 kg/ d), N, and net energy for lactation were not altered by corn processing. Milk and milk crude protein yields (kg/ 12-h sampling) were 14.2 vs. 13.5 and 0.43 vs. 0.39 for cows fed SFC or SRC, respectively. The PDV flux of total essential FAA was greater (571.2 vs. 366.4 g/12 h, SEM 51.4) in cows fed SFC. The PDV flux of total essential PBAA was 69.3 ± 10.8 and 51.5 ± 13.2 g/12 h for cows fed SFC and SRC, respectively, and differed from zero, but fluxes of individual PBAA rarely differed between treatments. Liver flux of essential FAA was greater in cows fed SRC, but only the PBAA flux in cows fed SRC differed from zero. Splanchnic flux of FAA and PBAA followed the pattern of PDV flux, but variation was greater. Mammary uptake (g/12 h) of total essential FAA was greater in cows fed SFC than SRC (224.6 vs. 198.3, SEM 7.03). Mammary uptake of essential PBAA was 25.0 vs. 15.1, SEM 5.2, g/12 h for cows fed SFC or SRC, respectively, and differed from zero in half of the PBAA. Milk output of EAA was 187.8 vs 175.4, SEM 4.4 g/12 h in cows fed SFC and SRC, respectively, and output of most essential AA consistently tended to be greater in cows fed SFC. It is apparent that PBAA comprise a portion of total AA flux across PDV and are affected by grain processing. Further, this pool supplies an important component of AA taken up by the mammary gland. Quantifying the contribution of PBAA may improve diet formulation with respect to intestinal absorption and mammary uptake of AA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)413-430
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of dairy science
Volume87
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2004

Keywords

  • Amino acid
  • Dairy cow
  • Flaked corn
  • Peptide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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