Post-release evaluation of biological control of Bemisia tabaci biotype "B" in the USA and the development of predictive tools to guide introductions for other countries

John A. Goolsby, Paul J. Debarro, Alan A. Kirk, Robert W. Sutherst, Luis Canas, Matthew A. Ciomperlik, Peter C. Ellsworth, Juli R. Gould, Diana M. Hartley, Kim A. Hoelmer, Steven E. Naranjo, Mike Rose, William J. Roltsch, Raul A. Ruiz, Charles H. Pickett, Don C. Vacek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

Climatic matching and pre-release performance evaluation were useful predictors of parasitoid establishment in a retrospective analysis of a classical biological control program against Bemisia tabaci biotype "B" in the USA. Laboratory evaluation of 19 imported and two indigenous parasitoid species in quarantine on B. tabaci showed that the Old World Eretmocerus spp, had the highest attack rate. The climate matching program CLIMEX was used to analyze the establishment patterns of five Old World Eretmocerus spp. introduced to the Western USA. The top matches ±10% for the climate of the area of introduction and origin of the introduced parasitoids always included the species that established. The Old World Eretmocerus spp. came from regions characterized by many separate biotypes of B. tabaci other than "B," but are considered specialists of the B. tabaci complex as compared to the indigenous North American oligophagous Eretmocerus spp. This narrower host range and high attack rate combined with climatic adaptation may account for their establishment in the USA. A set of predictive tools and guidelines were used to select the best candidate for importation and possible release into Australia that has been recently invaded by the "B" biotype. The establishment patterns of the introduced Eretmocerus spp. and a comparison of climates of their respective locations in the USA were compared with the affected area in Australia. The best climatic match was the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas suggesting its dominant parasitoid, E. hayati ex. Pakistan be considered as the first candidate for evaluation as a biological control agent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)70-77
Number of pages8
JournalBiological Control
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005

Keywords

  • Australia
  • Climate matching
  • Encarsia
  • Eretmocerus
  • Predictive evaluation
  • Silverleaf whitefly
  • USA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Insect Science

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  • Cite this

    Goolsby, J. A., Debarro, P. J., Kirk, A. A., Sutherst, R. W., Canas, L., Ciomperlik, M. A., Ellsworth, P. C., Gould, J. R., Hartley, D. M., Hoelmer, K. A., Naranjo, S. E., Rose, M., Roltsch, W. J., Ruiz, R. A., Pickett, C. H., & Vacek, D. C. (2005). Post-release evaluation of biological control of Bemisia tabaci biotype "B" in the USA and the development of predictive tools to guide introductions for other countries. Biological Control, 32(1), 70-77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2004.07.012