Potential and challenges of sol-gel materials for erbium-doped amplifiers

J. T. Rantala, S. Honkanen, Nasser N Peyghambarian

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Sol-gel materials have been widely used for the fabrication of micro-optical devices during the last decade. Motivation for the sol-gel processing has been the low cost and a large variety of fabrication techniques and material properties. One of the interesting possibilities has been to use sol-gel glasses as an erbium host for integrated optics amplifiers. Several research results have been published, but sol-gel processing has not yet proven its potential for efficient devices in this important and rapidly advancing field. There are still some problems to be solved, such as the removal of residual water from sol-gel matrices and the process reliability and reproducibility. In this paper, we review the present status of the sol-gel materials and discuss their potential and challenges for the erbium-doped waveguide amplifiers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
PublisherSociety of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers
Pages52-57
Number of pages6
Volume3622
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1999 Rare-Earth-Doped Materials and Devices III - San Jose, CA, USA
Duration: Jan 27 1999Jan 28 1999

Other

OtherProceedings of the 1999 Rare-Earth-Doped Materials and Devices III
CitySan Jose, CA, USA
Period1/27/991/28/99

Fingerprint

Erbium
erbium
Sol-gels
amplifiers
gels
Fabrication
fabrication
Integrated optics
integrated optics
Processing
Optical devices
Materials properties
Waveguides
waveguides
Glass
glass
matrices
water
Costs
Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Rantala, J. T., Honkanen, S., & Peyghambarian, N. N. (1999). Potential and challenges of sol-gel materials for erbium-doped amplifiers. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 3622, pp. 52-57). Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers.

Potential and challenges of sol-gel materials for erbium-doped amplifiers. / Rantala, J. T.; Honkanen, S.; Peyghambarian, Nasser N.

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 3622 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, 1999. p. 52-57.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Rantala, JT, Honkanen, S & Peyghambarian, NN 1999, Potential and challenges of sol-gel materials for erbium-doped amplifiers. in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. vol. 3622, Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, pp. 52-57, Proceedings of the 1999 Rare-Earth-Doped Materials and Devices III, San Jose, CA, USA, 1/27/99.
Rantala JT, Honkanen S, Peyghambarian NN. Potential and challenges of sol-gel materials for erbium-doped amplifiers. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 3622. Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. 1999. p. 52-57
Rantala, J. T. ; Honkanen, S. ; Peyghambarian, Nasser N. / Potential and challenges of sol-gel materials for erbium-doped amplifiers. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 3622 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, 1999. pp. 52-57
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