Potential for greenhouse aeroponic cultivation of urtica dioica

C. L. Pagliarulo, A. L. Hayden, G. A. Giacomelli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Resent studies investigating aeroponic cultivation of medicinal plants have provided encouraging results for increasing yields, shortening time to maturity, and improving consistency and overall quality of produce over field production. The goal of the current study was to determine the applicability of aeroponic technology for the cultivation of the traditionally field grown herbaceous medicinal plant Urtica dioica. In addition, we investigated if control of nutrient delivery and repeated harvesting practices could be utilized to increase and direct yield of desired plant parts. Comparison of root and shoot dry weights between treatments revealed; (1) U. dioica cultivated in soil-less medium yielded equal shoot biomass and greater root biomass than aeroponically cultivated plants, (2) potassium and phosphorus ratios within the nutrient solution had no significant impact on yield or biomass allocation, and (3) multiple harvesting of aeroponic roots and shoots yielded greater total biomass of both roots and shoots than a multi-crop replanting strategy. Results suggest aeroponic technology could be a powerful tool for the cultivation U. dioica as well as a variety of other important herbaceous medicinal plants. However, further optimization of the plant growing environment is required to maximize and direct growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationVII International Symposium on Protected Cultivation in Mild Winter Climates
Subtitle of host publicationProduction, Pest Management and Global Competition
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
Pages61-66
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9789066052598
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume659
ISSN (Print)0567-7572

Keywords

  • Directing plant growth
  • Hydroponics
  • Medicinal plants
  • Repeated coppicing
  • Root/shoot ratios
  • Urtica dioica

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

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  • Cite this

    Pagliarulo, C. L., Hayden, A. L., & Giacomelli, G. A. (2004). Potential for greenhouse aeroponic cultivation of urtica dioica. In VII International Symposium on Protected Cultivation in Mild Winter Climates: Production, Pest Management and Global Competition (pp. 61-66). (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 659). International Society for Horticultural Science. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2004.659.6