Power spectra trends in imaging polarimetry of outdoor solar illuminated scenes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The 1/f2 power law (where f is spatial frequency) characterizes the spatial power spectrum of non-polarimetric images of outdoor scenes when averaged over an appropriately large ensemble. This empirical result has been repeatedly verified in diverse imaging applications. In this work we compare the ensemble-averaged power spectrum of radiance and polarized radiance images. Outdoor scenes have been imaged over the past three-years using JPL's Ground-based Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (Ground-MSPI)[1] at the University of Arizona (UA). Ground-MSPI is an eight-band spectropolarimetric camera mounted on a rotating gimbal to acquire pushbroom imagery of solar illuminated outdoor landscapes. This Ground-MSPI image library offers a unique opportunity to quantify the statistical trends between polarimetric and non-polarimetric measurements. From power spectrum analysis of 1,975 images in our collection we report that the magnitude of the 1/f-exponent is lower for the polarized radiance image than the corresponding radiance image. This result quantifies the contrast mechanism difference for imaging polarimetry, indicates higher spatial frequency content in passive polarimetry of outdoor environments, and supports the assertion that polarimetry offers unique detection capabilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPolarization: Measurement, Analysis, and Remote Sensing XII
PublisherSPIE
Volume9853
ISBN (Electronic)9781510600942
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
EventPolarization: Measurement, Analysis, and Remote Sensing XII - Baltimore, United States
Duration: Apr 18 2016Apr 19 2016

Other

OtherPolarization: Measurement, Analysis, and Remote Sensing XII
CountryUnited States
CityBaltimore
Period4/18/164/19/16

Fingerprint

Polarimetry
Polarimeters
polarimetry
Power spectrum
Power Spectrum
Image sensors
power spectra
Radiance
Imaging
radiance
trends
Imaging techniques
Imager
Spectrum analysis
Ensemble
Quantify
Cameras
gimbals
Spectrum Analysis
Power Analysis

Keywords

  • Polarization contrast enhancement
  • Stokes imaging
  • target enhancement polarization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Kupinski, M. K., & Chipman, R. A. (2016). Power spectra trends in imaging polarimetry of outdoor solar illuminated scenes. In Polarization: Measurement, Analysis, and Remote Sensing XII (Vol. 9853). [98530P] SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2228265

Power spectra trends in imaging polarimetry of outdoor solar illuminated scenes. / Kupinski, Meridith Kathryn; Chipman, Russell A.

Polarization: Measurement, Analysis, and Remote Sensing XII. Vol. 9853 SPIE, 2016. 98530P.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kupinski, MK & Chipman, RA 2016, Power spectra trends in imaging polarimetry of outdoor solar illuminated scenes. in Polarization: Measurement, Analysis, and Remote Sensing XII. vol. 9853, 98530P, SPIE, Polarization: Measurement, Analysis, and Remote Sensing XII, Baltimore, United States, 4/18/16. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2228265
Kupinski MK, Chipman RA. Power spectra trends in imaging polarimetry of outdoor solar illuminated scenes. In Polarization: Measurement, Analysis, and Remote Sensing XII. Vol. 9853. SPIE. 2016. 98530P https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2228265
Kupinski, Meridith Kathryn ; Chipman, Russell A. / Power spectra trends in imaging polarimetry of outdoor solar illuminated scenes. Polarization: Measurement, Analysis, and Remote Sensing XII. Vol. 9853 SPIE, 2016.
@inproceedings{a45f93d7d28f4bc9839585ed27043ffe,
title = "Power spectra trends in imaging polarimetry of outdoor solar illuminated scenes",
abstract = "The 1/f2 power law (where f is spatial frequency) characterizes the spatial power spectrum of non-polarimetric images of outdoor scenes when averaged over an appropriately large ensemble. This empirical result has been repeatedly verified in diverse imaging applications. In this work we compare the ensemble-averaged power spectrum of radiance and polarized radiance images. Outdoor scenes have been imaged over the past three-years using JPL's Ground-based Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (Ground-MSPI)[1] at the University of Arizona (UA). Ground-MSPI is an eight-band spectropolarimetric camera mounted on a rotating gimbal to acquire pushbroom imagery of solar illuminated outdoor landscapes. This Ground-MSPI image library offers a unique opportunity to quantify the statistical trends between polarimetric and non-polarimetric measurements. From power spectrum analysis of 1,975 images in our collection we report that the magnitude of the 1/f-exponent is lower for the polarized radiance image than the corresponding radiance image. This result quantifies the contrast mechanism difference for imaging polarimetry, indicates higher spatial frequency content in passive polarimetry of outdoor environments, and supports the assertion that polarimetry offers unique detection capabilities.",
keywords = "Polarization contrast enhancement, Stokes imaging, target enhancement polarization",
author = "Kupinski, {Meridith Kathryn} and Chipman, {Russell A}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1117/12.2228265",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "9853",
booktitle = "Polarization: Measurement, Analysis, and Remote Sensing XII",
publisher = "SPIE",
address = "United States",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Power spectra trends in imaging polarimetry of outdoor solar illuminated scenes

AU - Kupinski, Meridith Kathryn

AU - Chipman, Russell A

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The 1/f2 power law (where f is spatial frequency) characterizes the spatial power spectrum of non-polarimetric images of outdoor scenes when averaged over an appropriately large ensemble. This empirical result has been repeatedly verified in diverse imaging applications. In this work we compare the ensemble-averaged power spectrum of radiance and polarized radiance images. Outdoor scenes have been imaged over the past three-years using JPL's Ground-based Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (Ground-MSPI)[1] at the University of Arizona (UA). Ground-MSPI is an eight-band spectropolarimetric camera mounted on a rotating gimbal to acquire pushbroom imagery of solar illuminated outdoor landscapes. This Ground-MSPI image library offers a unique opportunity to quantify the statistical trends between polarimetric and non-polarimetric measurements. From power spectrum analysis of 1,975 images in our collection we report that the magnitude of the 1/f-exponent is lower for the polarized radiance image than the corresponding radiance image. This result quantifies the contrast mechanism difference for imaging polarimetry, indicates higher spatial frequency content in passive polarimetry of outdoor environments, and supports the assertion that polarimetry offers unique detection capabilities.

AB - The 1/f2 power law (where f is spatial frequency) characterizes the spatial power spectrum of non-polarimetric images of outdoor scenes when averaged over an appropriately large ensemble. This empirical result has been repeatedly verified in diverse imaging applications. In this work we compare the ensemble-averaged power spectrum of radiance and polarized radiance images. Outdoor scenes have been imaged over the past three-years using JPL's Ground-based Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (Ground-MSPI)[1] at the University of Arizona (UA). Ground-MSPI is an eight-band spectropolarimetric camera mounted on a rotating gimbal to acquire pushbroom imagery of solar illuminated outdoor landscapes. This Ground-MSPI image library offers a unique opportunity to quantify the statistical trends between polarimetric and non-polarimetric measurements. From power spectrum analysis of 1,975 images in our collection we report that the magnitude of the 1/f-exponent is lower for the polarized radiance image than the corresponding radiance image. This result quantifies the contrast mechanism difference for imaging polarimetry, indicates higher spatial frequency content in passive polarimetry of outdoor environments, and supports the assertion that polarimetry offers unique detection capabilities.

KW - Polarization contrast enhancement

KW - Stokes imaging

KW - target enhancement polarization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84976578998&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84976578998&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1117/12.2228265

DO - 10.1117/12.2228265

M3 - Conference contribution

VL - 9853

BT - Polarization: Measurement, Analysis, and Remote Sensing XII

PB - SPIE

ER -