Aims High-fat diet-induced obesity (DIO) is amajor contributor to type II diabetes and micro- andmacro-vascular complications leading to peripheral vascular disease (PVD).Metabolic abnormalities of induced pluripotent stemcell-derived endothelial cells (iPSC-ECs) fromobese individuals could potentially limit their therapeutic efficacy forPVD.The aimof this studywas to compare the function of iPSC-ECs from normal and DIO mice using comprehensive in vitro and in vivo assays. Methods and results Six-week-old C57Bl/6 micewere fed with a normal or high-fat diet. At 24weeks, iPSCs were generated fromtail tip fibroblasts and differentiated into iPSC-ECs using a directed monolayerapproach. In vitro functional analysis revealed that iPSCECs from DIO mice had significantly decreased capacity to form capillary-like networks, diminished migration, and lower proliferation. Microarray and ELISA confirmed elevated apoptotic, inflammatory, and oxidative stress pathways in DIO iPSC-ECs. Following hindlimb ischaemia, mice receiving intramuscular injections of DIO iPSC-ECs had significantly decreased reperfusion compared with mice injected with control healthy iPSC-ECs. Hindlimb sections revealed increased muscle atrophy and presence of inflammatory cells in mice receiving DIO iPSC-ECs. When pravastatin was co-administered to mice receiving DIO iPSC-ECs, a significant increase in reperfusionwas observed; however, this beneficial effect was blunted by co-administration of the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, Nv-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester. Conclusion This is the first study to provide evidence that iPSC-ECs from DIO mice exhibit signs of endothelial dysfunction and have suboptimal efficacy following transplantation in a hindlimb ischaemia model. These findings may have important implications for future treatment of PVD using iPSC-ECs in the obese population. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. &The Author 2014.
- Diet-induced obesity
- Endothelial cells
- Hindlimb ischaemia
- Induced pluripotent stem cells
- Peripheral vascular disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine