Prior genomic and genetic studies identified pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor (PBEF) as a novel candidate gene and biomarker in acute lung injury (ALI). As increased vascular permeability is a cardinal feature of ALI, we assessed the role of PBEF in in vitro vascular barrier regulation using confluent human pulmonary artery endothelial cell (HPAEC) monolayers. Reductions in PBEF protein expression (>70%) by siRNA significantly attenuated EC barrier dysfunction induced by the potent edemagenic agent, thrombin, reflected by reductions in transendothelial electric resistance (TER, ∼60% reduction). Furthermore, PBEF siRNA blunted thrombin-mediated increases in Ca2+ entry, polymerized actin formation, and myosin light chain phosphorylation, events critical to the thrombin-mediated permeability response. Finally, PBEF siRNA also significantly inhibited thrombin-stimulated increase of IL-8 secretion in HPAEC, a chemokine known to induce actin fiber formation and intercellular gap formation of endothelial cells. Taken together, these studies demonstrate that PBEF may be required for complete expression of the thrombin-induced inflammatory response and reveal potentially novel role for PBEF in the regulation of EC Ca2+-dependent cytoskeletal rearrangement and endothelial barrier dysfunction. Ongoing studies will continue to address the molecular mechanisms by which PBEF contributes to ALI susceptibility.
- Acute lung injury
- Pulmonary permeability
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Cell Biology