Pre-bomb Δ14C variability and the Suess effect in Cariaco Basin surface waters as recorded in hermatypic corals

Thomas P. Guilderson, Julia Cole, John R. Southon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Δ14C content of surface waters in and around the Cariaco Basin was reconstructed from radiocarbon measurements on sub-annually sampled coral skeletal material. During the late 1930s to early 1940s, surface waters within and outside of the Cariaco Basin were similar. Within the Cariaco Basin at Islas Tortugas, coral Δ14C averages -51.9 ± 3.3‰. Corals collected outside of the basin at Boca de Medio and Los Testigos have Δ14C values of -53.4 ± 3.3‰ and -54.3 ± 2.6, respectively. Additional 14C analyses on the Isla Tortugas coral document an ∼11‰ decrease between ∼1905 (-40.9 ± 4.5‰) and ∼1940. The implied Suess effect trend (-3‰/decade) is nearly as large as that observed in the atmosphere over the same time period. If we assume that there is little to no fossil fuel 14CO2 signature in Cariaco surface waters in ∼1905, the waters have an equivalent reservoir age of ∼312 yr.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-65
Number of pages9
JournalRadiocarbon
Volume47
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2005

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Surface waters
Catchments
coral
surface water
basin
Fossil fuels
fossil fuel
Water
effect
atmosphere
water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics

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Pre-bomb Δ14C variability and the Suess effect in Cariaco Basin surface waters as recorded in hermatypic corals. / Guilderson, Thomas P.; Cole, Julia; Southon, John R.

In: Radiocarbon, Vol. 47, No. 1, 2005, p. 57-65.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - The Δ14C content of surface waters in and around the Cariaco Basin was reconstructed from radiocarbon measurements on sub-annually sampled coral skeletal material. During the late 1930s to early 1940s, surface waters within and outside of the Cariaco Basin were similar. Within the Cariaco Basin at Islas Tortugas, coral Δ14C averages -51.9 ± 3.3‰. Corals collected outside of the basin at Boca de Medio and Los Testigos have Δ14C values of -53.4 ± 3.3‰ and -54.3 ± 2.6, respectively. Additional 14C analyses on the Isla Tortugas coral document an ∼11‰ decrease between ∼1905 (-40.9 ± 4.5‰) and ∼1940. The implied Suess effect trend (-3‰/decade) is nearly as large as that observed in the atmosphere over the same time period. If we assume that there is little to no fossil fuel 14CO2 signature in Cariaco surface waters in ∼1905, the waters have an equivalent reservoir age of ∼312 yr.

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