Pre-clinical acute toxicity and sub-acute toxicity study on a novel recombinant human granulocyte-colony stimulating factor a (rhG-CSFa)

Jie Fan, Xin Xin Ding, Yong Ping Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To assess the severity of the acute toxicity and sub-acute toxicity of a novel recombinant human granulocyte-colony stimulating factor a (rhG-CSFa) in mice and the dose-effect relationship. Methods: Total 80 mice (equal numbers of male and female) were randomized into eight groups for the acute toxicity study: six groups were subcutaneously or intravenously injected with rhG-CSFa at 34, 345, and 3450 μg/kg, respectively, and two groups were injected with normal saline as the control. The physical status and body weight were monitored for the next 10 days. Another 50 mice (equal numbers of male and female) were randomized into five groups for the sub-acute toxicity study: four groups were subcutaneously injected with rhG-CSFa at 1.1, 11.5, 115, and 1150 μg/kg, respectively, and the other group was treated with normal saline as the control. The mice received injections for 3 weeks. The physical status and body weight were monitored. The mice were sacrificed after the last rhG-CSFa administration. The numeration of leukocyte, bone marrow smear and blood smear were performed for each mouse. Results: Acute toxicity study indicated that no significant acute toxicity was observed in mice received rhG-CSFa administration. There was no significant difference of weight between the control and the treatment groups (P>0.05). Further study of sub-acute toxicity revealed that the absolute number of granular leukocytes in mice from three treatment groups were higher compared with the control group (P<0.01), and the increase of granular leukocytes was rhG-CSFa dose-dependent. No significant abnormalities were observed in this study. Conclusions: No significant toxicity was observed in mice received rhG-CSFa administration in the acute and sub-acute toxicity studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalFudan University Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute toxicity
  • Mice
  • Recombinant human granulocyte-colony stimulating factor a (rhG-CSFa)
  • Sub-acute toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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